General form of passive :

for simple tenses

To be  +  past participle (V3)

 for continuous tenses

to be  +  being + past participle  (V3)


 Simple Present

The building is repainted .

Present  Continuous  

The building is being repainted.

Simple  Past  

The building was repainted.

Past  Continuous   

The building was being repainted.

Simple Present Future   

The building will be repainted.

Present Future Continuous 

The building will be being repainted .

Simple Present Perfect 

The building has been repainted.

Present Perfect Continuous

The building has been being repainted.

Simple Past Perfect 

The building had been repainted.

Past Perfect Continuous  

The building had been being repainted.

Simple Past Future 

The building would be repainted.

Past Future Continuous 

The building would be being repainted.

Simple Present Future Perfect 

The building will have been repainted.

Present Future Perfect Continuous

The building will have been being repainted.

Simple Past Future Perfect 

The building would have been repainted.

Past Future Perfect Continuous 

The building would have been being repainted.

Modal Auxiliaries  

The building should be repainted.

The building must be repainted.


  1. Passive with BY + AGENT

AGENT is important when the speaker wants  to emphasize  who or what something is done by (the doer). In  most  Passive Voice, however, there is no agent.

e.g.           Her  attitude  shocked me (active)

was shocked by her attitude (passive)

Who wrote the information? (active)

Whom was the information written by? (passive)

Look, He has arranged all the books well.

Look,  all the books have been arranged well.

Sometimes, “by”  is not necessary because everybody knows who does it.


  1. Passive in verbs with two objects

There are two  possibilities of Passive when certain verb has two objects. (see  the position of Noun in a sentence on chapter five)

e.g.           They  have  already  sent us  the  newest information.  (active)

We  have  already  been sent  the newest information . (passive)

The  newest information  has already been  sent  to  us.   (passive)


He bought her a beautiful house   (active)

She was bought a beautiful house    (passive)

A beautiful house was bought for her  (passive)


  1. Passive in sentence with Noun Clause

We can use the clause as subject or with “IT” as the introduction.

e.g.           Scientists  has proved that there is also an  aura  surrounding the plants .  (active)

That  there is also an aura surrounding the  plants  has been proved (by scientist)   (passive)

It has been proved (by scientists) that there is also an aura surrounding the plants  (passive)


No body knows where she has gone   (active)

Where she has gone is not known    (passive)

It is not known where she has gone  (passive)


  1. Passive in Verb + Object + Infinitive construction

e.g.           He asked me not to cover the whole things in the conference . (active)

I was asked not to cover the whole things in the conference.  (passive)

The headmaster generally allows us to follow any  competition.  (active)

We  are generally allowed to follow any competition by the headmaster. (Passive)


There are some verbs that can’t be converted into passive : like, want, wish, prefer.


  1. Passive in Verb + preposition + Object combination

he preposition will remain after the verb.

e.g.           We must write to him   (active)

He must be written to  (passive)


You can play with these cubs quite safely  (active)

These cubs can be played with quite safely (passive)



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