BSE : 3.2/4.2/5/1.1
Adjective Clause, Prepositional Phrase
and Explanation text
3.2 menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait benda dengan pewatas berupa sifat, jenis, dan fakta keadaan/kejadian, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya. (Perhatikan unsur kebahasaan prepositional phrase, adjective clause: finite dan non–finite)
4.2 menyusun teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait benda dengan pewatas berupa sifat, jenis, dan fakta keadaan/kejadian, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai konteks
In this chapter, you will learn about Adjective Clause, Prepositional Phrase and review on Explanation Text. Surely, you will have to know the proper grammatical structure used to make meaningful sentences. Practicing applying the material is needed to enhance your understanding on their social function and the structure.
Fill in the blank with the correct relative conjunction (who, whom, which, whose)!
The parties … oppose to the government are led by the politicians … career in politics has been long enough. They know very well about the effect of what they state. Unfortunately, their public statement … words are harsh enough often leads the social movement … endangers the nation integrity. People … know nothing about politics are directed to opose the government through hoaxes. Factually, the hoax makers … the police have caught or are being chased were paid to do so.
Which grammatical structure is used in the sentences above?
You have learnt about Adjective Clause before. To refresh it, open this link: https://hedwigbooks.com/2018/07/11/clauses/
Now, do the following activities which will become the enrichment of the function of Adjective Clause.
Please, read the article below while marking any sentence containing Adjective Clause.
Taking the Future of Manufacturing Into High Schools
By Nick Leiber
- June 7, 2019
ANNA, Ohio — In early May, in a classroom at Anna High School, five seniors focused on controlling a canary yellow robotic arm. They took turns tapping code into a pendant connected to the arm.
Their assignment was to make the arm grab and move a bunch of AA batteries, one by one, from one box to another. Along the way, the arm was supposed to circle each battery inside an empty Folgers coffee canister, then return it to its original position without knocking any over.
Something in their code was off, though, and a few of the batteries wobbled and fell. The students, who were learning about industrial robots and other technologies used in advanced manufacturing, took the hiccup in stride, examining lines of code for errors and cracking jokes. Their teacher, K. C. Needles, offered encouragement, but didn’t tell them how to fix their mistake.
One of the students, Jarred Seigle, liked how their task was similar to what he’d seen robots do on assembly lines in Honda’s engine plant a few miles outside the center of the village. “This is something we could all be doing in a few years if we’re working in a factory,” said Jarred, 18, who is planning to major in mechanical engineering at the University of Toledo. “We might be programming robots.”
The school, in a tightknit farming village about 50 miles north of Dayton, is among secondary schools around the world that offer robotics classes and related disciplines to prepare students for industries being transformed by automation.
The schools are adapting educational materials developed by manufacturers and building special labs. The idea is to give the students a foundation in how industrial technology works and, in some cases, expose them to manufacturing careers.
Robots could eliminate 75 million jobs globally by 2022 and create 133 million others, according to a World Economic Forum report released last year. Global manufacturers could also face a potential shortage of 7.9 million workers by 2030, warns a study released last year by the consulting firm Korn Ferry.
Because of negative perceptions about factory work, making it appealing is a global challenge, said Rob Luce, vice president of the SME Education Foundation, the philanthropic training arm of the manufacturing trade group SME. The foundation helped start the Anna program and nearly 50 others like it in American high schools.
“The nation that figures it out first is going to be in the front position to capitalize,” Mr. Luce added.
Manufacturers’ need for people who can operate, troubleshoot, maintain and install robotics and automation technology “is going to grow in the future,” said Scot McLemore, manager of talent acquisition at Honda North America. Automation equipment is increasingly being adopted by sectors outside of auto manufacturing, which has used robots for decades.
Worldwide industrial robot sales increased to 381,000 in 2017 from 221,000 units in 2014, according to the International Federation of Robotics in Frankfurt. The trade group estimated that sales could reach 484,000 by year-end and 553,000 next year.
The factory perception problem is thorny, Mr. McLemore said. Unless parents have a personal connection to someone working in manufacturing, “they either have no idea what happens or they have a misperception that it’s dark, dirty and dangerous, which is definitely not the case,” he said.
Separate those sentences you have found in Activity One into the main clause and its sub-clause (Adjective Clause).
Open this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WYiue9C3am8
Understand what she is talking about. Choose one of the main question categories and make a choice on the listed common topics. Write the leading question that you want to explain. Then, try writing your opinion about it. Use some Adjective Clauses in your writing.
To know the difference between Adjective Clause and Prepositional phrase, learn the following examples. The clauses underlined are the Adjective Clause, while the italic phrases are prepositional phrase.
- The hoaxes which are spread out have a great negative impact on social life.
- The politicians in this country are asked to avoid giving statements that cause social disintegration.
- The president with his family is enjoying their leisure time by doing some sports.
- Few members who didn’t attend the meeting don’t accept the decision without any reason.
- Any president’s guest who visits The President’s palace is always amazed at the beautiful garden around it.
Analyze the grammatical structure and the functional purpose of Adjective Clause and Prepositional Phrase!
Now, it’s time to practice!
Develop the noun by adding (a) Adjective Clause and (b) Prepositional phrase. You may choose the noun you want to develop, either the subject or the object, even you may have both.
Example : The first candidate polled over 512 votes.
- The first candidate who is the incumbent polled over 512 votes.
- The first candidate from the biggest party polled over 512 votes.
- The political magazine is aimed to educate people.
- The committee are selecting the candidates.
- Everyone appreciates the leader’s policy.
- The men have been investigating the cheat and manipulation during the election.
- The symbol may not be used to represent the group.
- The judges worked for twenty hours to give the fair decision.
- Some Mayors were caught for bribery.
- Newspaper columnists commented on the presidential election.
- The presidential election has been carried out peacefully.
- Some legislative candidates are getting crazy.
Correct the sentences below! You may find more than one mistakes in each sentence.
- The judges asked the witness whom looked nervous to elaborate his explanation of the time and the place.
- What the minister did on the ship who stole fishes under our sea is protested.
- The government requests teachers on the state schools to teach their students the importance of appreciating everyone whom religion is different from them.
- The political will whose the political leaders state to the public is sometimes far from their factual behavior.
- Some young leaders in high intelligence must be motivated to keep their integrity who can support their career.
- The information which impact can damage the people’s belief at what is true has to be stopped before the worst thing happens.
- A leader with great ambition will do more for the people’s welfare because he will never think of himself.
- Some people whom become the target of the murder are the professionals of law and Information Technology.
- Radicalism who people hate has influenced the university students which have little knowledge.
- Accepting differences between the people should be taught to the children which live or study in homogeneous society.
The following activity is to review the Explanation Text. To do the exercises, open this link: https://hedwigbooks.com/2018/07/14/explanation-texts/
You had better review the whole material before getting an evaluation. So, Answer the questions below!
- Write the grammatical structure of Adjective Clause.
- Write the grammatical structure of Prepositional phrase.
- What is the functional purpose of Adjective Clause?
- What is the functional purpose of Prepositional phrase?
- What is the generic structure and the functional purpose of Explanation text?