Chapter 4: News Item

BE : 3.4/4.4/5/1.1

NEWS ITEM and Reported Speech

Basic Competence

3.4 membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks news item lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait berita sederhana dari koran/radio/TV, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.4 menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks news items lisan dan tulis, dalam bentuk berita sederhana koran/radio/TV     

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn about News Item text and review on  Reported Speech. Surely, you will have to know the proper grammatical structure used to make your writing better and better.  Practicing writings news is needed to enhance your understanding on their social function and text structure.


Find out the answer of these questions:

  1. What is the top news today?
  2. Where did it happen?
  3. When did it happen?
  4. How did it happen?
  5. Why did it happen?

Do you think that it is newsworthy? Give your reason.


The following activities will help you understand News Item texts.

Activity One

Read the news below carefully!

Indonesia court upholds President Joko’s victory in April election


Jun 27, 2019, 10:26 pm SGT


Jun 28, 2019, 8:46 am

JAKARTA – Indonesia’s Constitutional Court ruled on Thursday (June 27) to uphold the results of the April 17 presidential election that handed President Joko Widodo a second term at the helm of the world’s third-largest democracy.

The decision puts an end to months of political uncertainty, crushing yet another bid for high office by former army general Prabowo Subianto.

The court dismissed in its entirety the challenge filed by the losing candidate and his running mate Sandiaga Uno, who claimed that they were robbed of victory due to “massive, structured and systematic” fraud.

The court’s decision is final and binding, and paves the way for Mr Joko and his vice-presidential pick Ma’ruf Amin to take office in October.

Mr Prabowo said he accepted the outcome, telling reporters last night: “Although the ruling is very disappointing for us and our supporters, as agreed, we will comply with it and our Constitution and prevailing laws. We respect the ruling by the Constitutional Court.”

But he seemed to still search for options – even though the ruling cannot be appealed – saying: “We will consult with our legal team to ask for advice and opinions on whether there are still other legal and constitutional steps we might be able to take.”

In a marathon nine-hour session, the nine judges took turns to read out their responses to the claims filed by Mr Prabowo’s lawyer, rejecting them all as unfounded. The decision was unanimous.

Justice Anwar Usman, who leads the court, said: “The lawsuit lodged by the plaintiff is legally baseless.”

While the General Election Commission’s (KPU) official count gave Mr Joko 55.5 per cent of the votes in the elections to Mr Prabowo’s 44.5, the Prabowo camp claimed it had nabbed 52 per cent of the votes.

But the court rejected this, with Justice Arief Hidayat saying: “The Court is of the opinion that the petitioner’s claim has no legal ground.”

The plaintiff, he said, did not provide enough evidence of its full count of votes for all polling stations to convince the court of its claims, adding that submissions comprised mostly photographs and scans of vote tally forms “from unclear sources”.

The court also rejected claims that Mr Joko’s campaign team had engaged in vote-buying, and that votes for the incumbent were inflated by ballots from non-existent polling stations.

Justice Saldi Isra pointed out that Mr Prabowo’s lawyers claim that 2,984 non-existent polling stations had generated 895,200 “ghost votes” was unfounded as the legal team could not reveal where these stations were, how the vote rigging was carried out and who had benefited.

Mr Prabowo’s lawyers had also said that Mr Joko as incumbent was armed with state apparatus and wide-reaching influence to help him to a win.

But Justice Aswanto said the court, after examining the evidence, “has found no proof that state apparatus was not neutral”.

Citing a video of an appeal from Mr Joko to army and police officers to convey government programmes to the public, the judge said: “That is something that is normal as head of government. This was not a campaign for votes.”

Earlier this month, Mr Prabowo’s team had filed a separate lawsuit in the Supreme Court to challenge the Elections Supervisory Board’s (Bawaslu) decision not to follow up on a report it submitted alleging massive campaign violations by the Joko camp because of a lack of evidence.

This was rejected by the court on Wednesday.

It was deja vu for Mr Prabowo, who failed to convince the court as well in 2014 after losing to Mr Joko by a slim margin of 6.3 percentage points.

While thousands of Mr Prabowo’s supporters gathered in the vicinity on Thursday, the streets outside the courthouse were peaceful.

However, fears that tensions may explode, and scattered protests could once again escalate into violence – as they did in May after the KPU announced Mr Joko’s victory  – remain. Two days of riots in Jakarta had left nine dead and hundreds injured.

On Thursday, the capital was on high alert, with around 47,000 police and military personnel deployed to guard against another outbreak of violence.

In his speech following the ruling, Mr Joko said: “The Consitutional Court’s ruling is final and we should respect and implement it together.”

He called for all Indonesians to unite, despite their different political preferences, which was necessary for the country to advance and catch up with other nations.


Answer the questions based on the text!

  1. What happened in June 27?
  2. What would Prabowo do toward the decision?
  3. When will Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin be inaugurated?
  4. What are the dismissed claims? Write the reason for each dismissed claim.


What best places the underlined word?

  1. Indonesia’s Constitutional Court ruled on Thursday (June 27) to uphold the results of the April 17 presidential election.
  2. The court’s decision is final and binding, and paves the way for Mr Joko and his vice-presidential pick Ma’ruf Amin to take office in October.
  3. The decision was unanimous.
  4. The lawsuit lodged by the plaintiff is legally baseless.
  5. Votes for the incumbent were inflated by ballots from non-existent polling stations.
  6. Thousands of Mr Prabowo’s supporters gathered in the vicinity on Thursday.
  7. On Thursday, the capital was on high alert.


Activity Two

Listen to the VOA news. Open this link:

Then, answer the questions of what, when, where, how, why it happened.

Activity Three

Now, it’s time for you to make your own news by searching thing that is newsworthy around you. Record it. Check whether your news can answer at least three wh-questions. When you are sure that it is good enough, make it as your own news. First, write the good script on it. Secondly, record your broadcasting it. Surely, you may have some interviews with the proper person to support what you are going to report. You had better do this activity with a friend as your partner.

Activity Four

In this part, you will review a Reported Speech. To refresh your knowledge about it

Click on:

Then, do the exercises below!

  • Read the news on Activity One. Find out the direct speeches, then change each of them into the Reported ones.
  • Here is a dialogue. Change it into a good paragraph.

Operator: Hello, Woolworths’.

Sue: Ah hello. I wonder if I could speak to the Personnel Manager, please?

Operator: Yes, certainly. If you’ll hold on a minute I’ll put you through.

Sue: Thank you.

John: Hello, John Adams speaking.

Sue: Ah good morning, Mr. Adams, I saw your advertisement in the Saffron Walden Reporter for a hostess (Oh yes) and I wondered if you could give me a few more details about the job.

John: Yes, certainly. Perhaps I should make it clear from the start it is a part time job. Yes, we would need you from ten in the morning until two in the afternoon, roughly.

Sue: Yes, yes, I didn’t realize that, actually. It wasn’t clear in the advertisement.

John: Aha. Are you still interested?

Sue: Well I am interested, but it would depend to some extent on what the salary is.

John: Yes, well we’re offering about f75 a week. Obviously this may be a little bit more if you have the right qualifications and experience. (Mmm) Have you in fact had any experience in catering?

Sue: Well, yes, I have. I’m at present working for and have been working for the same firm for about five years, for a small firm of consultant engineers (Mm yeah) and I’ve been doing work rather similar to the kind of work that I think is described in the advertisement.

John: Yes, well, I mean we have a fairly small staff here, we’re talking about fifteen to twenty people,  so your duties will be sort of to prepare and serve the food at just at lunchtimes.

Sue: I see. Yes, I’m sure I’d be able to manaqe that – that wouldn’t be a problem.

John: Yes that sounds about right. Perhaps you could come down for an interview some time?

Sue: Yes, yes, when would be suitable for you?

John: Let me just have a look at my diary. Perhaps, what about next Wednesday at about 2.30 in

the afternoon? Would that be all right for you?

Sue: Wednesday 2.30. I think that would be fine, actually. That’s OK.

John: Ah good. Yeah, and perhaps you could bring any qualifications you’ve got so we could have a look at them.

Sue: Yes, yes, OK.

John: Could you just tell me who you’re working for at the moment?

Sue: I’m working for Bloggses actually in the High Street.

John: Right, OK and could I just have your name?

Sue: Yes, my surname is Boardman.

John: Right, Miss Boardman. Well, see you then next Wednesday at2.30.

Sue: OK. Thanks very much then.

John: Lovely. OK. Bye.

Sue: Bye.



  1. tell what news item is and how important reported speech is  in writing news item.
  2. write the social function and generic structure of News Item text.

This following table is to check whether you have understood the materials!


No Questions Yes No
1. Can you recognize the social function and the generic structure of News Item text?
2. Can you differentiate the structure of Direct speech from Reported Speech?


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