GENERAL FORM :
SENTENCE, AUXILIARY + PRONOUN AS SUBJECT ?
USE : 1. to ask for confirmation of something that we are not sure about 2.to ask for agreement
– The students aren’t having a test, are they?
– Mr. Andi has been familiar with the situation here, hasn’t he?
– This fertilizer isn’t dangerous, is it?
– The forests can reduce the methane, can’t they?
– You used to visit this place, didn’t you?
– The woman who will be the jury in this festival comes from Jakarta, doesn’t she?
– After your sister graduates from the university, she will work here, won’t she?
There are few exceptions :
– I am your best friend, aren’t I?
– There is something to eat now, isn’t there?
– Nothing is useful, is it?
– Something has just happened here, hasn’t it?
– No one realizes what they have done, do they?
– Everyone in this class hasn’t been tested, have they?
– You rarely / scarcely / seldom pay him a visit, do you?
– His parents never give him money, do they?
– (invitation) Do come in and enjoy yourselves, won’t you?
– (telling people to do something) Show your last creation, would / will you?
– ( negative imperative ) Don’t tell a lie, will you?
– (suggestion) Let’s go for a walk, shall we?
– ellipsis : (It is) a nice place, isn’t it?
(She is) your new girl friend, isn’t she?
The meaning of question – tags will change according to the intonation.
- If it is said with a falling intonation, it makes the sentence sound more like a statement or agreement.
e.g. – She is really a beautiful girl, isn’t she?
– The meeting will begin next Monday, won’t it?
– Her explanation isn’t correct, is it?
- The sentence is more like a real question or asking for confirmation with the rising intonation.
e.g. – You have seen Andi somewhere, haven’t you ?
– The designers will have finished it before the end of this month, won’t they ?