Chapter 7: Recount texts

BE : 3.7/4.7/2/7.1


Basic Competence

3.7 membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks recount lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait peristiwa bersejarah sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.7 teks recount – peristiwa bersejarah

4.7.1 menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks recount lisan dan tulis terkait peristiwa bersejarah

4.7.2 menyusun teks recount lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana, terkait peristiwa bersejarah, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn about Recount texts on Personal Experience and Historical Events. Surely, you will have to know the generic structure and the functional language of them.  Reading a lot is needed to enhance your understanding on the social function of the recount texts.

  1. Learning process

 GENERAL INSTRUCTION : You must ensure that you understand the material step by step. At the end, there will be an evaluation to test your level of understanding on the material. When your level is above the passing score, you may continue to the next material. Before you ask for the evaluation, please ensure yourself that you have already mastered the whole material in this chapter.


  1. Tell what you experienced some time ago in ten sentences.
  2. Tell about a historical event.

 To get more understanding about Recount Texts, do the following activities!


Read the text well, then do the exercises below!

The Heart That Healed Itself

On August 17, 2012, 23-year-old Michael Crowe “froze up” – eyes open and staring into space – on the couch. He quickly snapped to, but when it happened again a few minutes later, his mother rushed him to the local emergency room.

There they learned that Michael was in real trouble. His heart was pumping blood at just 25%, an alarmingly low rate. By the time he was transferred to Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha and hour later, it was down to 10%. A virus was causing acute myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle. If it got worse, he would need a heart transplant. With Michael’s family surrounding his bed, the doctors asked him to sign papers –while he still could – for that transplant. “They said I had only a 30 per cent chance that my heart would recover,” Michael says. “I remember thinking, I can take those odds. I haven’t won the lottery yet. I’m Irish, I’m due for some luck. I was strangely calm.”

His doctors, however, were not. “His heart failure was so bad,” says his cardiologist, Dr Eugenia Raichlin. “The rate of mortality is huge.” They immediately hooked him up to an EMCO, an external heart and lung machine, to pump his blood while his heart couldn’t. But it was a short term fix, and Michael’s health continued to decline. Spiking fevers led to convulsions; ice cooled him but dropped his oxygen levels. “It was balancing game just to keep me stable,” Michael says.

He desperately needed a heart transplant.

For 17 days they waited, while Michael’s condition continued to worsen. His heart stopped twice at once for an entire day (being hooked up to the EMCO machine prevented him from dying). Doctors had to fend off blood clots and excess bleeding.

At 6.30 am on September 3, his doctors got the phone call everyone had been waiting for: a heart would be available that night. But a few hours later, they made a devastating discovery. Michael had developed a blood infection; a transplant would be too dangerous.

As Michael’s family despaired, Dr Raichlin noticed something unusual: His blood pressure, which should have remained constant because of the heart-lung machine, was actually rising. She ordered a test, which revealed that the left side of his heart was working at near-normal capacity. Unbelieving, she ordered another. Again, the same astounding results.

After four days hooked up to a different machine that assisted only the right side of the heart, Michael no longer needed a transplant. His heart had completely, miraculously healed itself, his body eradicating the virus on its own. “He overcame everything,” Dr Raichlin says. “He was very debilitated, but he rebuilt himself.”

Many patients with Michael’s condition die, or get a heart transplant, or survive but have permanent heart tissue damage. But today, as Michael works through his third year of pharmacy school, his heart is in perfect shape. “I’m so grateful that I got the second chance at life,” he says.

(taken from “Asia Reader’s digest, December 2015 page 34-35)

 Answer the questions below!

  1. How was Michael when he froze up?
  2. Why did his mother rush him to the local emergency room?
  3. There they learned …” (P.2 line 1) What does “there” refer to?
  4. Why was his heart at alarming?
  5. What happened to his blood pressure?
  6. What is myocarditis?
  7. What causes myocarditis?
  8. “If it got worse….” (p.2 line 4) What does “it” refer to?
  9. What could help him alive with that disease?
  10. What kind of paper did he have to sign?
  11. What do you think why he himself had to sign the papers?
  12. How was he when he was signing the papers?
  13. “His doctors, however, were not.” What does this sentence mean?
  14. What would possibly happen to him on such condition, his heart failed?
  15. What was the function of EMCO?
  16. What is the balancing game that Michael meant?
  17. What made him still alive although his heart sometimes stopped?
  18. How long had they been waiting for the available heart for him?
  19. “…they made…” What does “they” refer to?
  20. Why was a transplant dangerous for him?
  21. What made his family feel hopeless?
  22. How was the blood pressure when using EMCO?
  23. Why did Dr Raichlin order a test on his heart?
  24. “she ordered another.” (P.6 last line) What does “another” refer to?
  25. What happened to the right side of Michael’s heart?
  26. What did the doctors do after seeing the astounding result of his heart?
  27. Why did the doctors decide that Michael no longer needed a transplant?
  28. How could his heart completely heal itself?
  29. How long had he been suffering the disease before finally his heart healed itself?
  30. What usually happens to the patients having myocarditis?
  31. “But today, as Michael works ….” (the last paragraph) When is “today” in this text?
  32. How is he now?
  33. How old is he now?


To understand some difficult words, do the exercises below!

  1. Match each word to its meaning.

desperately, mortality, snap, eradicate, stare, alarmingly, clot, astounding, transplant, convulsions, recover, decline, cardiologist, spike, devastating, acute, debilitate

  1. Suddenly lose one’s self-control
  2. Look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one’s eyes wide open
  3. Worryingly
  4. of a disease or its symptoms) severe but of short duration
  5. Take (living tissue or an organ) and implant it in another part of the body or in another body.
  6. Return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength.
  7. A doctor who specializes in the study or treatment of heart diseases and heart abnormalities
  8. The state of being subject to death.
  9. Diminish in strength or quality; deteriorate
  10. Increase and then decrease sharply; reach a peak.
  11. A sudden, violent, irregular movement of the body, caused by involuntary contraction of muscles and associated especially with brain disorders such as epilepsy, the presence of certain toxins or other agents in the blood, or fever in children
  12. last-chance
  13. lump, clump
  14. shocking
  15. surprising, breathtaking
  16. Destroy completely; put an end to.
  17. Make (someone) very weak and infirm.


Read the text very well, then complete the table below!

History of Indonesia

(1) Some of the oldest hominid fossils outside of Africa have been found in Indonesia, including Homo erectus remains as old as 1.8 million years. Modern humans were present in the region at least 60,000 years ago and perhaps earlier. Early in the Christian era, Indonesia came under the influence of Indian civilization through the gradual influx of Indian traders and Buddhist and Hindu monks. By the 7th and 8th cent., kingdoms closely connected with India had developed in Sumatra and Java; the spectacular Buddhist temples of Borobudur date from this period. Sumatra was the seat (7th–13th cent.) of the important Buddhist kingdom of Sri Vijaya. In the late 13th cent. the center of power shifted to Java, where the fabulous Hindu kingdom of Majapahit had arisen; for two centuries it held sway over Indonesia and large areas of the Malay Peninsula. A gradual infiltration of Islam began in the 14th and 15th cent. with the arrival of Arab traders, and by the end of the 16th cent. Islam had replaced Buddhism and Hinduism as the dominant religion. The once-powerful kingdoms broke into smaller Islamic states whose internecine strife made them vulnerable to European imperialism.

(2) Early in the 16th cent. the Portuguese, in pursuit of the rich spice trade, began establishing trading posts in Indonesia, after taking (1511) the strategic commercial center of Malacca (see Melaka ) on the Malay Peninsula. The Dutch followed in 1596 and the English in 1600. By 1610 the Dutch had ousted the Portuguese, who were allowed to retain only the eastern part of Timor, but the English competition remained strong, and it was only after a series of Anglo-Dutch conflicts (1610–23) that the Dutch emerged as the dominant power in Indonesia.

(3) Throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th cent. the Dutch East India Company steadily expanded its control over the entire area. When the company was liquidated in 1799, the Dutch government assumed its holdings, which were thereafter known in English as the Netherlands (or Dutch) East Indies. Dutch rule was briefly broken (1811–14) during the Napoleonic Wars when the islands were occupied by the British under T. Stamford Raffles . The Dutch exploited the riches of the islands throughout the 19th cent., but their rule did not go unchallenged by the Indonesians. In 1825, Prince Diponegoro of Java launched a long and bloody guerrilla war against the colonists, and in 1906 and again in 1908 the native rulers of Bali led their subjects in suicidal charges against Dutch fortifications.

Nationalism, Independence, and Sukarno

(4) The Indonesian movement for independence began early in the 20th cent. The Indonesian Communist party (PKI) was founded in 1920; in 1927 the Indonesian Nationalist party (PNI) arose under the leadership of Sukarno . It received its impetus during World War II, when the Japanese drove out (1942) the Dutch and occupied the islands. In Aug., 1945, immediately after the Japanese surrender, Sukarno and Muhammad Hatta, another nationalist leader, proclaimed Indonesia an independent republic. The Dutch bitterly resisted the nationalists, and four years of intermittent and sometimes heavy fighting followed. Under UN pressure, an agreement was finally reached (Nov., 1949) for the creation of an independent republic of Indonesia. A new constitution provided for a parliamentary form of government. Sukarno was elected president, and Hatta became premier.

(5) Although Sukarno had achieved a major accomplishment in uniting so many diverse peoples and regions under one government and one language, his administration was marked by inefficiency, injustice, corruption, and chaos. The rapid expropriation of Dutch property and the ousting of Dutch citizens (late 1950s) severely dislocated the economy; the country’s great wealth was not exploited, and soaring inflation and great economic hardship ensued. A popular revolt, stemming from a desire for greater autonomy, began on Sumatra early in 1958 and spread to Sulawesi and other islands; the disorders led to increasingly authoritarian rule by Sukarno, who dissolved (1960) the parliament and reinstated the constitution of 1945, which had provided for a strong, independent executive (Hatta had resigned in 1956 following a conflict with Sukarno). The army, whose influence was strengthened by its role in quickly quelling the revolts, and the Communist party, whose ranks were growing very rapidly, constituted two important power blocs in Indonesian politics, with Sukarno holding the balance of power between the two.

(6) In early 1962, Sukarno dispatched paratroopers to Netherlands New Guinea—territory claimed by Indonesia but firmly held by the Dutch—forcing the Dutch to agree to transfer that area to the United Nations with the understanding that it would pass under Indonesian administration in May, 1963, pending a referendum that was to be held by 1970. After the referendum, in Aug., 1969, Netherlands New Guinea was formally annexed by Indonesia, and its name was changed to West Irian (Irian Barat), then Irian Jaya, and later Papua. A guerrilla war was begun soon after by the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM; Free Papua Movement), a group seeking Papua’s independence.

(7) Meanwhile, Sukarno made (1963) a major propaganda issue of Indonesian opposition to the newly created Federation of Malaysia and staged guerrilla raids into Malaysian territory on Borneo, beginning a conflict that was waged intermittently for three years. Sukarno began to lean increasingly toward the left, openly summoning Communist leaders for advice, exhibiting hostility toward the United States, and cultivating the friendship of Communist China. In 1965 he withdrew Indonesia from the United Nations. He may have known in advance of the abortive army coup that began in Sept., 1965, with the assassination of six high army officials.

The Suharto Regime

(8) The coup was swiftly thwarted by army forces under General Suharto , who blamed the coup on the PKI (the degree of its involvement is unclear); Suharto may have known of the plot in advance. Suharto gradually assumed power (although retaining Sukarno as symbolic leader). Thousands of alleged Communists were executed; people everywhere took the law into their own hands and a widespread massacre ensued (Oct.–Dec., 1965). Estimates of the number of people killed range from 500,000 to 1 million; many ethnic Chinese died, and in E and central Java and in Bali entire villages were wiped out. In 2012 Indonesia’s National Commission on Human Rights called the events a gross violation of human rights.

(9) The new government steadily increased its power, aided by massive student demonstrations against Sukarno. General Suharto brought an end (1966) to hostilities against Malaysia, banned the PKI, reestablished close ties with the United States, and reentered (1966) the United Nations. Indonesia became one of the founding countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1967. On Mar. 12, 1967, the national assembly voted Sukarno out of power altogether and named General Suharto acting president.

(10) Suharto was elected president in 1968, and reelected in 1973, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, and 1998. His government reinstated an earlier Dutch colonial policy of  transmigration,  in which farmers from the overpopulated islands of Java and Bali were moved to underpopulated areas such as Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Indonesian New Guinea. The policy has had mixed results; though more than six million had moved by the 1990s, Java and Bali continue to be heavily populated. The economy began to grow rapidly in the 1970s, due mainly to expanded oil, gas, and timber exports; in the 1980s and 90s manufacturing for export became important.

(11) In 1975–76, Indonesia annexed East Timor (a former Portuguese colony), and incorporated it as a province of the country; the takeover was not recognized by the United Nations. Following the annexation, separatists in the largely Roman Catholic province resisted Indonesian control, suffering substantial loss of life. Indonesia came under increasing criticism from the United States and international organizations for human-rights abuses in the area.

(12) During Suharto’s regime, his family held sway over much of Indonesia’s economic life, and government corruption increased. While the economic conditions of many Indonesians improved, opposition to his policies continued to be suppressed. In Oct., 1997, the country was plunged into economic upheaval when its currency plummeted. The stock market followed soon after, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed to provide the country with a $40 billion aid package in exchange for economic reforms. Struggling under a huge foreign debt and Suharto’s reluctance to implement the IMF reforms, Indonesia’s economy continued to worsen in 1998. Student protests and riots over rising prices broke out across the country, with increasing demands for Suharto to resign. Suharto stepped down in May, 1998, and his vice president, B. J. Habibie, assumed the presidency, pledging reform, clean government, and economic responsibility. In June, the government reached an agreement with foreign bankers on the rescheduling of nearly $80 billion in debt.

(13) Early in 1999, Indonesia and Portugal reached an agreement permitting the people of East Timor to choose between limited autonomy within Indonesia and independence in a referendum. Fighting in East Timor between government security forces and anti-independence militias on one side and separatist guerrillas on the other increased in mid-1999 as the vote approached. In August, voters chose independence, but the territory descended into chaos as pro-Indonesian militias and the army engaged in a campaign of terror and brutality, killing proindependence Timorese and causing thousands to flee their homes. In Sept., 1999, after intense international pressure, President Habibie asked the United Nations to send a peacekeeping force to the area, and in October the United Nations agreed to take full control of East Timor until independence, which was achieved in 2002. Even as the situation in East Timor quieted down, however, calls for independence rose in other provinces, particularly Aceh, in N Sumatra, and Papua.

(14) Meanwhile, in the June, 1999, parliamentary elections, the Indonesian Democratic party of Struggle ofMegawati Sukarnoputri , the daughter of Sukarno, came in first with 34% of the vote; President Habibie’s Golkar party came in second, with 22%. In the Oct., 1999, presidential elections, Abdurrahman Wahid , of the National Awakening party, became the country’s first democratically elected president after Megawati failed to build the coalition needed to win; she was chosen by parliament as vice president. A Muslim theologian and religious leader, as well as a defender of human rights and religious tolerance, Wahid moved to increase civilian control over the military, which lost influence and prestige following Suharto’s fall and the East Timor debacle. He also was forced to deal with often vociferous opposition in parliament. The economy began to revive in 2000, although the currency (rupiah) suffered a sharp loss in value.

(15) In Feb., 2001, the parliament censured the president, who was implicated in two corruption scandals. Wahid, who had alienated Megawati and suffered a drop in popularity, was censured again in April. Although he was subsequently cleared of wrongdoing in the scandals, the parliament voted in July to remove him from office. Megawati succeeded Wahid as president. Subsequently the parliament passed laws granting limited autonomy (including substantial control over natural resources) to Aceh and Papua, in the hope of undercutting local secessionist movements, but violence in both provinces has continued. An agreement was signed with the Aceh rebels in Dec., 2002, raising hopes for peace that were dashed six months later when Indonesia ended what it regarded as fruitless talks and resumed military action.

(16) Relations were strained with Malaysia in 2002 when as many as 400,000 Indonesians were forcibly deported under a tough new anti-illegal-immigrant law. Constitutional amendments passed in the same year called for the direct election of the president and the elimination of the seats reserved for the military in the national legislature. Both amendments took effect in 2004. In Oct., 2002, a terrorist bombing at a night club in Bali that was frequented by foreigners killed more than 200 people. The bombing was apparently by Indonesian Islamic radicals linked to Al Qaeda . Terror bombings continued to be a sporadic problem in subsequent years, though none were as deadly as the Bali night club attack. A proposal in 2003 to split Papua into three provinces sparked new unrest there, and after legals appeals Papua was divided (2004) into Papua and West Irian Jaya (now West Papua).

(17) Legislative elections in Apr., 2004, were a setback for Megawati’s party, which came in second to Golkar; the latter won slightly more than a fourth of the seats. Seven parties secured significant blocks of seats. Megawati subsequently lost the presidency (Sept., 2004) to Susilo BambangYudhoyono , a former general and security minister and the candidate of the Democrat party, after a runoff in Sept., 2004. The election was the first time that Indonesians were able to elect a president directly.

(18) In Dec., 2004, a huge tsunami caused by an earthquake off NW Sumatra devastated Aceh, killing some 167,000 people, and a subsequent earthquake in March, caused much destruction on the islands of Simeulue and Nias, west of Sumatra. There was a polio outbreak in Java in May, 2005, that was linked to the persistence of the disease in W Africa and was believed to have been transmitted to Muslim pilgrims at Mecca. Indonesia began a massive immunization campaign that ultimately brought the outbreak under control. Acehnese rebels signed a peace agreement with the government in Aug., 2005, and subsequently disarmed in exchange for the establishment of local self-government. In May, 2006, an earthquake centered S of Yogyakarta in central Java killed some 5,800 people; a July quake off W Java caused a tsunami that killed some 400 people. Heavy rains caused massive flooding in the Jakarta area in Feb., 2007, forcing as many as 400,000 people from their homes. A series of severe earthquakes in Sept., 2007, caused caused much damage in W Sumatra.

(19) In the parliamentary elections in Apr., 2009, the president’s Democratic party won 148 seats; Golkar came in second (108 seats), followed by Megawati’s party (93), and six other parties won seats. The July presidential elections were contested by Yudhoyono, Megawati, and, running as Golkar’s candidate, Vice President Jusuf Kalla; the president secured a majority, avoiding a runoff election. An earthquake off the coast of W Sumatra in Sept., 2009, caused significant destruction and more than a thousand deaths in Padang and the surrounding area. In Nov., 2009, a scandal concerning attempts by high-ranking law-enforcement officials to damage the reputation of Indonesia’s anticorruption agency by bringing false charges against two of its top officials hurt Yudhoyono when he failed to dismiss the law-enforcement officials. Subsequently, the president and his party were hurt by corruption investigations involving party members, including the party chairman in 2013.

(20) In the Apr., 2014, parliamentary elections Megawati’s party placed first with 109 seats, Golkar placed second with 91, and Gerinda, the party led by former general Prabowo Subianto, placed third with 73. Ten parties in all won seats. In the subsequent presidential election (July), Subianto was supported by a coalition of parties (including Golkar) that had won more than 60% of the seats in April, but his opponent, Joko Widodo , known as Jokowi and nominated by a coalition led by Megawati’s party, was a popular anticorruption candidate and governor of Jakarta and won with 53% of the vote. Corruption and attacks by Islamic extremists have been significant problems in the early 21st cent.

No Time Events
1. the 7th and 8th cent kingdoms closely connected with India had developed in Sumatra and Java
2 _____________ _______________________



To understand some difficult words from the text, do the exercises below!

This is for the words from paragraph one and two. Match the word to its synonym!

1 Remains Glorious
2 Gradual Inrush
3 Influx Change
4 Spectacular Conflict
5 shift Slow
6 Infiltration Gradual
7 Dominant Tracking
8 Internecine Expel
9 Strife Most influential Relics
10 Vulnerable spread
11 Pursuit Planned
12 Strategic Deadly
13 Oust Keep possession
14 Retain appear
15 Emerge At risk

Arrange these jumbled letters into the correct word which you can find in paragraph three and four!

1 a-S-t-d-e-y-i-l 11 x-E-p-d-a-n
2 E-t-i-n-e-r 12 L-i-i-d-e-q-u-a-t
3 p-O-c-c-y-u 13 E-p-l-i-t-o-x
4 n-c-l-e-n-g-U-h-a-l-e-d 14 u-G-r-i-l-e-l-a
5 C-o-l-i-s-t-o-n 15 N-e-t-i-v-a
6 S-u-a-l-i-c-i-d 16 i-f-i-F-o-r-t-c-o-a-t-i-n
7 I-n-d-n-d-e-e-e-p-e-n-c 17 m-u-C-o-m-i-s-n-t
8 L-e-r-s-a-i-p-d-e-h 18 p-t-I-m-u-e-s
9 r-e-S-u-r-n-e-d-r 19 c-l-a-P-r-o-i-m
10 C-t-i-t-o-n-s-o-u-t-i-n 20 r-l-i-e-P-a-n-t-a-a-m-r-y

Choose the correct antonym for each word below! These are from paragraph 5, 6 and 7.

Word Antonym
1 Achieve Fail at, acquire
2 Diverse Different, homogenous
3 Injustice Unfairness, fairness
4 Severely Hard, easily
5 ensue Replace, precede
6 Dispatch Send, accept
7 intermittently Constant, On and off
8 Hostility Feud, friendliness

Put the underlined words in paragraph 8,9,10,11, and 12 into the correct part of speech! Number 1 has been done for you.

No Verb Noun Adjective Adverb
1 Swiftly

Now, Choose the verbs from paragraph 13 to paragraph 20, then make them into good sentences.


Now, let’s see what you have already understood by completing the sentences below!

  1. The function of Recount text is _______________________________
  2. The generic structure of recount text is _________________________________
  3. There are some kinds of recount texts. They are ___________________________
  4. The tense that is mostly used in the sentences is __________________________



No Questions Yes No
1. Can you understand the recount texts?
2. Can you identify each kind of recount text?



BSE : 3.7/4.7/2/7.1


Basic Competence

3.7 membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks khusus dalam bentuk iklan dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait kegiatan (event), sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.7 iklan kegiatan (event)

4.7.1 menangkap makna secara kontekstual Terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks dan unsur kebahasaan teks khusus dalam bentuk iklan kegiatan (event)

4.7.2 menyusun teks khusus dalam bentuk iklan kegiatan (event), lisan dan tulis, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn about ADVERTISEMENTS. Surely, you will have to know the proper grammatical structure of them.  Practicing  composing advertisements with the correct grammatical structure is needed to make your writing understandable and enhance your understanding on their social function and structure.

Learning process

 GENERAL INSTRUCTION : You must ensure that you understand the material step by step. At the end, there will be an evaluation to test your level of understanding on the material. When your level is above the passing score, you may continue to the next material. Before you ask for the evaluation, please ensure yourself that you have already mastered the whole material in this chapter.



You must ever hear and see advertisements, so according to you

  1. What is advertisement?
  2. What is advertised?
  3. What is the purpose of advertising?
  4. Who are the advertisers?
  5. Where can we find advertisements?

Based on your answers, let’s learn about some kinds of advertisement.



MARCH 22nd – 25th 2019    at mini Percy’s auditorium of SNOWFALL University.

Ticket sale is opened at March 1st 2019

The first 50 tickets will be only IDR 75,000 plus a complimentary drink and the price will be 10% more than IDR 100,000 for the last three days.

When you are out of town people, just call this number: 081112365567

Please, hurry up as

The seats are provided ONLY FOR 250 PEOPLE.


Questions :

  1. What is the aim of the advertisement?
  2. Whom may the advertisement be for?
  3. Who probably holds the festival?
  4. How long will the festival be?
  5. What is the advantage for buying the ticket earlier?
  6. How much will the ticket be at March 20th?
  7. Are the tickets only available for the town people?
  8. How many tickets are provided for the people who want to see the festival?




Characters in Incredibles 2

1.        Elastigirl  (5 poses)

2.      Violet Parr (7 poses)

3.       Frozone (3 poses)

4.      Dash (5 poses)

5.      Jack –jack Parr (7 poses)

6.      Mr. Incredible (5 poses)

Characters in Aquaman

1.        Aquaman (7 poses)

2.      Mera  (5 poses)

3.       Black Manta (5 poses)

4.      King Nereus (3 poses)

Each figure has three different sizes (5cm, 12cm, and 18cm)

When you buy them in this promotion week, you can get one more action figure from different movie characters.

These new arrivals belong to the limited edition.






  1. What are advertised?
  2. What does probably the “Cheery Smile Merchandise” sell?
  3. How long is the promotion for the new arrivals?
  4. What is offered during the promotion time?
  5. What is meant by “the limited edition”?
  6. How do the people know the image of the figures?



A four day workshop for young mothers
April 20th – 23rd 2019

At Family Playground 1

Activities :

For mothers For children
Day 1 Learning children’s psychological growth Learning how to request, thank and apologize
Day 2 Observing children’s behavior Learning how to collaborate through games and working together
Day 3 Interacting with the children Playing and doing a project with their mother
Day 4 Evaluating the activities Evaluating the activities
It’s only IDR 250,000 including snacks and lunch for mother and child (2 children)

Book one week in advance to get the handout, besides we have only 25 places.



  1. What kind of advertisement is it?
  2. Who are the targets of the advertisement?
  3. What do you think why children are included in the workshop?
  4. What is probably the purpose of the workshop?
  5. What should the participants do before the workshop?
  6. What do you think about the prize?


Passive Voice

You need some knowledge of grammar when you write an advertisement. Therefore, now learn about Passive Voice.

To get more understanding about Passive Voice, do these exercises below!

I. Change the active sentences below into the passive ones!

  1. The people are waiting for the result of the football match between Indonesia and Vietnam.
  2. A lot of plastic waste has contaminated rivers and land for years.
  3. The students were summarizing the article when the bell rang.
  4. Does the teacher always correct the student’s mistake when speaking?
  5. I didn’t change the password yesterday.
  6. The doctor will observe the causes of this strange disease.
  7. We have to activate the programs now.
  8. The committee had changed the routes already before the runners started to run.
  9. The previous employer didn’t give the employees the chance to improve themselves.
  10. The teacher has warned those boys not to make a trouble twice.
  11. Can ice cool our high temperature effectively?
  12. Children won’t easily forget their teacher’s saying.
  13. The police will be investigating other areas at the same time tomorrow.
  14. I had registered all of the students already before it was closed earlier.
  15. The professional pilot had been flying the newest plane for 20 minutes when it crashed a mountain.
  16. We shouldn’t decide an important thing when we are angry.
  17. My grandpa had exhibited his paintings ten times before he died in 2010.
  18. The headmaster agreed to our idea.
  19. The juries were selecting the best ten chefs while they were cooking the complete dishes.
  20. He has been explaining the fresh graduates the tips of speaking in front of the public.

II. Change the passive sentences below into the active ones!

  1. Most merchandizes in this shop are made of plastic waste.
  2. Some books were banned last year.
  3. The best Mozart’s compositions are being played by teenage orchestra.
  4. Have the workers been instructed to work overtime this weekend?
  5. 10 Deluxe rooms in this luxurious hotel were booked by the Royal families.
  6. Our identity card will be checked when we enter the Palace.
  7. A new program is being installed to our computers by a technician.
  8. The gifts for our friends had been wrapped and decorated beautifully when we realized that we got the wrong gifts.
  9. When I entered the room, the staff were being briefed on the new rule.
  10. This café is not recommended for us.
  11. All the materials have been being reviewed for two hours.
  12. A best seller novel will be given to him when he begins writing a review.
  13. The acute condition of his heart must be healed by a heart transplant.
  14. Different substances are being injected to some trees to know the effect on them.
  15. The same online games are played by teenagers in the world.
  16. A lot of public schools will be being renovated next semester.
  17. An international racing circuit is going to be built in Mandalika next year.
  18. The drug smuggler had been executed already when the judge decided that he was innocent.
  19. This song has been nominated for two musical awards.
  20. While the street children were playing, they were being taught to collaborate.



Review tenses in active and passive sentences

I. Change the verb in bracket into the correct form!

  1. Some industries which (produce) things from plastic (encourage) to find another material.
  2. Some miners who (warn) not to enter the mining holes (evacuate) now.
  3. About 100 young journalists (train) how to write news responsibly for four days because there (be) a lot of news which they (write) is not accurate.
  4. Indonesia (become) one of the most wonderful tourist destinations in the world since some regions (revitalize) to fulfill the international standard.
  5. We (surprise) by the findings that microplastic (find) in the human faeces.
  6. The hotel where we (stay) for two days (facilitate) luxuriously but environmentally green.
  7. After some students who (have) low spirit to learn (motivate) to reach their dream, they (realize) that they should not waste their time by playing games.
  8. Any information (write) on the mass media (have) to be accurate.
  9. Supplements which (mix) with water or juice can be useful to deal with the chronic diarrhea.
  10. I often (remind) by my parents not to be afraid to tell the truth although someone possibly (threaten) us.
  11. After the fire (extinguish) already, the firemen (search) for the people who (trap) in the burnt building. They (find) many of them died.
  12. Since we (invite) to join the food festival, we (prepare) the ingredients which (take) from our own garden now.
  13. A simple technology (apply) to recycle the plastic waste in our school since last year, but the problem (be) that we (not have) enough support from the top manager.
  14. If your plants (prune) regularly, they (grow) well.
  15. While the coffee beans (process), I (prepare) various flavor for strengthening its taste.

II. Correct the sentences below!

  1. Eyes can irritated with chemicals in swimming pool if we don’t wear watertight goggles.
  2. When our eyes locked on our book or computer for hours, this can strain your eyes-focusing muscles.
  3. The reports must submit by the students on Monday.
  4. She was disappoint by the movie which she thought it more entertaining.
  5. What does the thing you bought yesterday used to?
  6. Pickpockets are knowing to operate in this area.
  7. The town building has closed because of the snow since two weeks ago.
  8. Jennie has invited to explain her reasons for making the changes in her essay.
  9. I was asking to post the letters which were written by kindergarten students.
  10. When are the books suppose to return to the library?
  11. Student’s score affects by the number of mistakes in the test.
  12. Some symptoms can classified through the method you showed us last week.
  13. The students of senior high school in this seminar being explained the impacts of the having sexual intercourse before marriage.
  14. After our proposal has been approved, we held some meetings to talk about it last month.
  15. Some species of the wild plants in this forest have being identified by some botanists for a week.

Based on what you have learnt, you can conclude that:

1. Event advertisement is ____________________________________

2. Product advertisement is __________________________________

3. Service advertisement is ___________________________________

4. Write the pattern of Passive sentences for simple tenses


5. Write the pattern of Passive sentences for Continuous tenses


No Questions Yes No
1. Can you identify each type of advertisement?
2. Can you understand the content of an advertisement?
3. Can you write an advertisement?




Reading all genres in multiple choice


Choose the correct answer!

Text One

 Why is river water sometimes brown? The water turns brown when it’s full of mud. A brown river is an example of erosion in action. Flowing water carries away, or erodes, tiny bits of dirt and rock from the ground it passes over. Erosion moves rock and dirt from place to place. Earth’s surface can be greatly changed by erosion. Over tremendously long periods of time, erosion can carry whole mountains into the sea!

The dirt and pieces of rock that erosion carries away come from weathering. Weathering is the process by which nature breaks rocks up. Heat from the Sun can make rock expand and crack into pieces. Ice can also break up rock. Water gets into cracks in the rock and freezes. Ice expands when it freezes and breaks the rock. Plant roots can also grow into rocks and crack them. Rainwater can dissolve, or absorb, some rocks, turning them into liquid. Rainwater can turn other rocks into sand or clay.

Once rocks break into pieces, erosion takes over. Water, wind, and ice carry away the pieces left behind by weathering.

Rainwater runs down hillsides and carries dirt with it. Over time, flowing water can carry away so much rock and dirt that it cuts into the ground and forms a channel. The Colorado River eroded a huge cut in the rock of the southwestern United States called the Grand Canyon.

Ocean waves crash against seashores. The waves take sand away from some beaches and pile it up on other beaches.

Wind is the main cause of erosion in deserts. There are few plants to hold the dry dirt in place. Wind blows away loose sand and dry dirt.

Windstorms blew away a lot of dirt on the Great Plains of the United States in the 1930s. There had been no rain for years, and the dirt was dry. The farm areas destroyed by wind were called the Dust Bowl.

Glaciers are huge sheets of ice. Glaciers move slowly across the land. Ice underneath the glacier picks up and carries away sand, dirt, and pebbles. The sand, dirt, and pebbles grind away more rock as the glacier moves.

Water flowing through rivers can carve out deep canyons. The water carries sand and dirt to other places. The Mississippi River dumps tons of dirt where it empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The dirt eventually piles up to create land where once there was ocean. This process makes rich farmland called the Mississippi Delta.

Wind can blow away sand and dirt leaving bare rock. It can pile up the sand it erodes to make hills called sand dunes.

Glaciers can make big changes in Earth. During the last ice age, glaciers covered much of North America. Glaciers carved out many lakes. They made the five Great Lakes.

(Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

1. P.1 line 3 : “….from the ground it passes over.” The underlined word refers to …

A. mud  B.  flowing water   C. ground    D.  tiny bits of dirt    E. season

2. What can the greatest impact of erosion be over a long time?

A. turning the river into brown  B.  washing away the rock and dirt of the ground   C. moving rocks and dirt to other places   D.  changing ground into a mountain   E.  carrying whole mountains to the sea

3. Rocks become pieces because of these natural processes, except

A. the sun heat   B.  water   C. rainwater   D.  plant roots   E. high temperature

4. What causes the rock expand?

A. weather   B.  sun heat   C. ice   D.  water   E. plant roots

5. P.2 line 2 : “…when it freezes..” The underlined word refers to …

A. heat   B.  sun   C. rock   D.  ice    E. nature

6. P.2 line 4 : “….rocks and crack them.” The underlined word refers to …

A. ice   B.  rocks   C. cracks    D. plant roots    E. erosion

7. From the text, we can know that Grand Canyon is probably …

A. a mountain  B.  a river    C. a hill   D. a channel   E. a rock

8. The ocean waves can make these, except

A. a new beach   B.  a larger beach    C. a destroyed beach   D.  a beach piled of sand   E. crashes on the ocean

9. What is called as the Dust Bowl is …

A. the Great Plains of United States   B.  the wind-destroyed farm   C. the blowing windstorms   D.  the dry dirt   E. the farm with no rains at all

10. Based on the text, which is incorrect?

A. Rocks turn into pieces as the glacier move   B. While moving slowly, glacier carries sand, dirt and pebbles   C. Canyon can change their shape due to the flowing water    D. The Mississipi Delta was once an ocean     E. The sand that forms sand dunes is the example of erosion in action

11. P. 5 line 1 “….beaches and pile it up…” The underlined word refers to …

A. ocean    B. sand    C. oceanwaves    D.  seashores    E. beach

12. P.9 line 3 : “This process makes rich….” The underlined word refers to …

A. carving out deep Canyon   B.  flowing the dust and sand to other places    C. emptying the Mississipi river    D.  umping tons of dirt in the Gulf of Mexico    E. piling up ocean to create a land

Text Two

Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important than other supporting tools in economic development. In Indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of development because of some good reasons.

First of all, the agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development of the country was the highest of all sectors. At present, almost half of the total Indonesian labors are working in agriculture sector, but the contribution of agriculture sector does not reach 30 percent.

Second, agriculture sector is expected to fulfill the need of food in the country. As the number of population increases in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also increase but agricultural production per capita never increases more than one percent each year, and in some extreme cases, it is even stagnant.

Last but not least, without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be hampered because the growth that comes from industry will bring a wider gap into the internal economy in the country. In turn, this gap will create serious poverty problem and wider inequality of income distribution, and increase unemployment.

Based on the above reasons, it is obvious that the government gives more attention on the agriculture sector.

13. The text is about …

A. the importance of agriculture in the economic development   B. the agriculture contribution in the increase of employment    C. the growth of industrial sector in the country    D. the quality of agriculture in the country    E. the process of developing the agriculture

14. In order to support economic development, the government should …

A. produce more food as the priority    B. reduce labors in agriculture sector    C. supply more food for the national need    D. increase industrial sector as the first priority   E. prioritize agriculture in the national development

15. The main idea of paragraph two is …

A. almost half of Indonesian labors are working in agriculture sector   B. less that 30 percent of Indonesian labors work in agriculture sector    C. there is no agriculture contribution in the beginning of the development    D. the contribution of agriculture in the beginning of the development reaches more than 30 percent    E. The contribution of agriculture to the government was better in the beginning of the development

16. “As the number of population increases in an alarming rate each year….” (p.3 line 2)

A. high   B.  average     C. low     D. reminding   E. dangerous

 Text Three

 It is probably one of the most important books I have ever read. Not for its heavy philosophy, practical instructions, or memorable quotes; but for its simple message of how wonderful life can be when viewed through the eyes of an innocent child.

Each story is only a page or two, a delightful narrative of how Toto-chan views the world, and how Mr. Kuroyanagi inspires the children to explore, learn, feel and have joy. There are several charcoal drawings that capture the tenderness of the stories, making us feel a part of Totto-chan’s world.

One of my favourite vignettes is the story of losing her hat in the septic tank at the school, and proceeding to dig it out. The headmaster walks by, and after a few questions to satisfy his curiosity, and hearing her earnest explanations, he lets her continue with the simple instruction, ”make sure you put it all back!”

Toto-chan, The Little Girl at The Window is a celebration of childhood, learning and caring. We have enjoyed reading one or two stories for bedtime off-and-on for a couple of years, and almost don’t want to finish the book because it will mean there are no more stories. Totto-chan seems so real and loveable, and her headmaster is a role model for parents and teachers.

The book is written by Tetsuko Kuroyanagi and translated by Dorothy Britton.

17. What is the genre of the text?

A. Recount     B. Review   C. Narrative    D. Description    E. Anecdote

18. How does the writer of this book send the moral message to the reader?

A. by telling about philosophy, practical instructions, or memorable quotes    B. by presenting a simple life through children’s perception    C. by teaching teachers and parents how to treat a child    D. by being a role model for  parents and teachers    E. by writing many books about reality in children’s life

19. Based on the text, Totto-chan, The Girl at The Window is a story …,except

A. of an innocent children      B. that motivates children to explore the world    C. containing philosophy of life    D. that describes good headmasters and teachers   E. that shows how simple a life is

20. According to the text, who inspires the children enjoying their childhood?

A. Tetsuko Kuroyagi     B. Dorothy Britton   C. The teachers    D.  The little girl    E. The headmaster

Text Four

 Cancer is a group of diseases that can cause almost any signs or symptoms. The signs and symptoms will depend on where the cancer is, how big it is and how much it affects the organs or tissues. If a cancer has spread (metastasized), signs or symptoms may appear in different parts of the body.

As a cancer grows, it can begin to push on nearby organs, blood vessels and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer. If the cancer is in a critical area, such as certain parts of the brain, even the smallest tumor can cause symptoms. But sometimes cancer starts in places where it will not cause any signs or symptoms until it has grown quite large. Cancers of the pancreas, for example, usually do not cause symptoms until they grow large enough to press on nearby nerves or organs (this causes back or belly pain). Others may grow around the bile duct and block the flow of bile. This causes the eyes and skin to look yellow (jaundice). By the time a pancreatic cancer causes signs or symptoms like these, it is usually in an advanced stage. This means it has grown and spread beyond the place it started.

A cancer may also cause symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness (fatigue) or weight loss. This may be because cancer cells use up much of the body’s energy supply, or they may release substances that change the way the body makes energy from food. Or the cancer may cause the immune system to react in ways that produce these signs and symptoms. Sometimes, cancer cells release substances into the bloodstream. This causes symptoms which are not usually linked to cancer. For example, some cancers of the pancreas can release substances that raise blood calcium levels. This affects nerves and muscles, making the person feel weak and dizzy.

Treatment works best when cancer is found early while it’s still small and is less likely to have spread to other parts of the body. This often means a better chance for a cure, especially, if the cancer can be removed with surgery.

21. The appearance of the signs or symptoms of cancer depends on these, except

A.  the place of the cancer    B. the size of the cancer    C. Its impact on organ    and tissues    D. its way to spread    E.            its condition

22. “…how big it is and how much it affects the organs…”  The underlined word is in closest meaning to …

A. influences     B. changes     C. converts      D. culminates     E. recovers

23. “….symptoms until they grow large enough…” (p.2 line 5)   What does the underlined word refer to?

A. the places of cancers     B. nearby organs    C. signs or symptoms      D. cancers of pancreas     E.  certain parts of brain

24. Being fatigue can be caused by …

A. The cell’s consuming of body’s energy    B. The release of the body’s energy     C. the overactive reaction of the immune system     D.  the hormone-like substance in the muscles     E.  the release of substance usually linked to cancer

25. From the last paragraph, we can learn that …

A. there is no disease which has no cure    B. we should seek early detection of cancer to have the best treatment    C. we should ignore any sign of cancer because it can be removed with surgery    D. when we feel weak and dizzy, it is sign of cancer    E. healthy lifestyle can prevent us from cancer

Text Five

The implementation of the new graduation standard for High School students has evoked people to bring different responses.

Some people agree with the rule because it indicates the students’ mastery of or the competence on the whole material for three years. The result of the final exam is also significant for students’ future study in the higher level. In addition, we are far left behind by our neighboring countries that have implemented a higher graduation grade standard.

However, some other people believe that imposing a high standard will not be effective. The results of the exams have proven to be unreliable because it assesses the students’ competence only in a couple of days. A smart student for example, may get a low grade just because he is sick during the exam. On the other hand, an idle student may achieve the standard due to the luck. Therefore, there should then be an alternative way to the national exam considered as the standard one.

Despite different points of view, the government should intensely work on this matter in the hope of getting a better solution upon improving the High-School graduates’ quality.

26. What is the purpose of this text?

A. to discuss different opinions on the new graduation standard    B. to object to the new graduation standard    C. to give arguments on the new graduation standard    D. to explain the importance of the new graduation standard     E. to find an alternative way to get better graduation

27. “….for High School students has evoked people to bring…” (paragraph 1)       The underlined word is best replaced by …

A. created      B. gained    C. aroused      D.  got   E. examined

28. Which is NOT the reason for people agreeing to the new graduation standard?

A. Managing the whole material can be shown through the national exam   B. The results of the national exam indicate the students’ mastery on the whole material   C.  The students’ future depends on the final exam    D.  Neighboring countries’ students have higher graduation standard     E.  The results of the final exam help the graduates continue their study in the higher level

29. What is the writer’s position in the controversy of graduation standardization?

A. The writer does not take side      B. The writer supports it     C.   The writer follows the government’s policy     D. The writer opposes it    E. The writer is strongly against it.

Text Six


This is new and unusual building in the downtown business district offers unique opportunities for small to midsized tenants to occupy an entire floor from 1,600 to 6,000 square feet are available for immediate occupancy.

Commuting is easy, with the subway stop only one block away. It’s convenient to shops, restaurants, hotels, and business services.

For leasing information call 303-572-5947

30. What is this advertisement about?

A. A new office building       B. Office suites to sell     C. Office suites to rent     D. A building in the business district     E. The unusual building downtown

31. The good point about the office suite is …

A. furnished       B. several blocks away from subway stop    C. available in one type size     D. easy to reach for commuters     E. far from public places

 Text Seven

 Detective Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr. Watson are back on the cinema through the ‘A Game of Shadows”. After the success of his first film in 2009, Guy Ritchie redirected sequel of “Sherlock Holmes”.

A bomb exploding in Stassbourg, England soon became headline in several newspapers. Holmes (Robert Downey Jr.) who disguised as a beggar was busy stalking Irene Adler (Rachel McAdams), his enemy who was also his idol. She brought an important package.

In the sequel of “Sherlock Holmes” this time, Professor Morriarty (Jared Harris) becomes the most dangerous enemy. Moriarty is not the kind of person who is hesitant to remove the lives of many people in order to achieve his goal. The explosion in Stassbourg is one of his creations.

Holmes was busy when his friend, Dr. Watson (Jude Law) was getting married. His marriage would automatically make Holmes lose his partner in investigating the case.

A gypsy woman, Madam Sinza Heron (Noomi Rapace), helped Holmes get through the adventure this time. There was also Holmes’ brother, Mycroft Holmes (Stephen Fry) who accompanied Holmes.

The farce made by Holmes and several other characters in the film is able to cause laughter. The chemistry between Robert and Jude is undoubtedly able to captivate the audience’s attention for they have been together since in the first sequel.

Chess competition between Holmes and Prof. Moriarty became the ultimate point. They both described the mind wanders respectively. Are you intrigued by the acting of the detective? The film “Sherlock Holmes: ‘A game of Shadows’ can be alternative entertainment this weekend.

32. The text is about …

A. A review of ‘A game of Shadows’ movie   B. The description of Holmes’ life as a detective    C. An introduction of “Sherlock Holmes” movie     D. A discussion about Robert Downey Jr. and Jude Law’s lives   E. A report of the adventure of a gypsy woman

33. Which is correct about Moriarty?

A. He likes to achieve a goal despite his kindness    B. He keeps others’ life    C. He will do everything to achieve his goal including murdering.    D. He is accused of the explosion as his way to remove his life     E. he is always doubtful when he has to kill others’ life.

34. What is Mycroft Holmes’ role in the film?

A. Replacing Holmes’ partner        B. Leading Holmes to Madam Sinza   C. Accompanying Holmes      D. Being Holmes’ enemy     E. Solving Holmes’ problem

35. Why does the writer recommend this film?

A. because it will captivate the audience’s attention by Holmes’ adventure    B. because all of the characters are laughter boosters     C. because it describes the chemistry between Robert and Jude    D. because there are new characters that were not found in the first sequel     E. because it is better than the first sequel

Text Eight

Christiano Ronaldo was born on February 5, 1985, in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal. Manchester United paid £ 12 million to sign him in 2003 – a record fee for a player of his age. In the 2004 FA Cup Final, he scored Manchester’s first three goals and helped them capture the championship. In 2008, he set a franchise record for goals scored. In 2009, Real Madrid paid a record $ 131 million for his service.

It was through his dad’s work as an equipment manager at a boy’s club that Ronaldo was first introduced to the game of soccer. By the time he was 10 years old, he was already recognized as a phenomenon – a kid who ate, slept and drank the game. “All he wanted to do as a boy was playing football,” his godfather, Fernao Sousa, recalled for British reporters, adding, “He loved the game so much that he’d miss meals or escape out his bedroom window with a ball when he was supposed to be doing homework.”

By his early teens, Ronaldo’s talent and legend had grown considerably. After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with Sporting Portugal in 2001. That same year, at the tender age of 16, Ronaldo turned heads with a mesmerizing performance against Manchester United, wowing even his opponents with his footwork  and deft skill. He made such an impression that a number of United players asked their manager to try and sign the young player. It wasn’t long before the club paid Ronaldo’s team more than £ 12 million for his services – a record fee for a player of his age.

36. What did Ronaldo do for MU in 2004?

A. set a franchise record     B. scored several goals for MU in some competitions    C. led MU to win FA CUP Championship     D. recorded himself as the best player     E.  paid $ 12 million for MU

37. From paragraph two, we learn that …

A. Ronaldo was a talented football player     B. Ronaldo was a very energetic football player     C. Ronaldo gained his success by his earlier teens     D. Ronaldo was a legendary young football players     E. Ronaldo became the youngest player in Manchester United

38. “After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with…” (p.3 line 2)  The underlined word can be best replaced by …

A. participated      B.  wrote     C. followed     D.  went     E. joined

39. Which is NOT true about Ronaldo?

A. He often ignored his homework for he wanted to train herself     B. His love to the game grows more and more      C. His deft skill attracts every one    D. His team got £ 12 million for his services      E. He has been so enthusiastic in playing football since he scored three goals for MU.

Text Nine

 To the manager of Taco Tacontento

I am writing to bring to your attention a serious issue I had in your establishment last week. I ordered a vegetarian bean burrito, and halfway through my meal, I bit into what turned out to be a chicken bone.

I am a vegetarian, and the presence of bone in my burrito was jarring. I showed the bone to the staff, who offered to make me a new burrito with the same beans the bone presumably came from. I did not want to risk eating any meat or finding another bone, so I asked for a taco salad instead.

I am a regular customer at your restaurant, and I have never had any problems with your food in the past. While I am relatively certain this was a fluke, I am still concerned about how the bone got into the beans. I would like to know how this might have happened.

I am also concerned about the lack of understanding I received from the staff member who helped me. I don’t know if she was working alone or merely misunderstood my request, but she refused to let me speak to her supervisor while I was in the restaurant. I felt she acted very unprofessionally.

I hope to hear back from you about this incident. I can be reached by phone at (555) 867-5309 at any time or by email at


Marilyn Hoss

40. The text is about a letter of …

A. inquiry     B. order      C. complain      D. reservation    E. application

41. What was the writer mainly concerned about?

A. the cheated restaurant      B. non vegetarian taco    C. a wrong food     D. the small amount of taco salad    E. bone in burrito

42. Why was the writer disappointed to the staff member?

A. because she always works alone     B. because she didn’t get the writer’s explanation     C. because she refused to talk to the supervisor      D. because she felt incompetent     E. because the writer was concerned only about the food

43. How was the restaurant’s service?

A. dissatisfying     B. pleasing    C.  boring       D.  disgusting     E. upsetting


Chapter 7: Pamphlet with Impersonal IT and Introductory There

BSE : 3.7/4.7/4/7.1

Chapter 7 :  Pamphlet and Banner with Impersonal It and Introductory There

Basic Competence

3.7  membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks khusus dalam bentuk brosur, leaflet, banner, dan pamflet, dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait promosi barang / jasa / kegiatan sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

4.7 brosur, leaflet, banner, dan pamflet

4.7.1 menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktu rteks, dan unsur kebahasaan brosur, leaflet, banner, dan pamflet terkait promosi barang/jasa/kegiatan

4.7.2 menyusun teks khusus brosur, leaflet, banner, dan pamflet terkait promosi barang/jasa/kegiatan, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks.

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn how to promote events, things or services. Surely, you will have to know the proper grammatical structure used to make the description meaningful.  Practicing how to compose it is needed to enhance your understanding on the social function and the text structure of that kind of promotion.

Learning process

 GENERAL INSTRUCTION : You must ensure that you understand the material step by step. At the end, there will be an evaluation to test your level of understanding on the material. When your level is above the passing score, you may continue to the next material. Before you ask for the evaluation, please ensure yourself that you have already mastered the whole material in this chapter.


Put the correct word on its explanation!

A. brochure   B. pamphlet    C. banner    D. leaflet

  1. A small book or magazine containing pictures and information about a product or service. (Oxford Dictionary)
  2. A long strip of cloth bearing a slogan or design, carried in a demonstration or procession or hung in a public place.  (Oxford Dictionary)

Then, find an example of one of them to the class! Let the teacher and your friend decide which yours belongs to.

Activity One

Read your brochure or friend’s, then retell it with your own words to show whether you can understand the content or not.  Let your teacher read and correct your writing!

To make you able to write well, you need to improve your knowledge on grammar. This time you are learning about Impersonal IT and Introductory There. Learn the patterns on the grammar book, then try doing the exercises below!

Activity Two

Here are lists of adjectives and verbs. Make as many sentences as possible with the combination of them by using the Impersonal IT constructions.

List of adjectives:

Good, great,  different, important, bad, right, sure, early, late, hard, strong, vital, sincere, possible, true, special, easy, clear, difficult,  wrong,  private, fine, common, natural, significant, simple, remarkable, nervous, perfect, silly, ridiculous, fortunate, shaking, adorable, adventurous, awesome, comfortable, delightful, graceful.

List of verbs

Have, do, go, get, make, know, take, see, give, tell, work, call, try, feel, become, leave, put, keep, let, begin, help, talk, start, show, play, live, hold, bring, write, provide, sit, stand, lose, meet, include, continue, set, learn, change, understand, watch, follow, stop, create, speak, read, allow, spend,  open,  walk, win, offer, remember, love, buy, wait, serve, build, stay, reach

Examples: It is bad to say dirty words.

It will be difficult to set a form of poetry to a music.

It was ridiculous for me to offer him a ride.

Activity Three

Make sentences by using Introductory There based on the sentences below!

  1. Some scientists have found that our life is threatened by microplastic.
  2. Various items are available on the online shops.
  3. My students gave me brilliant ideas on having games in my lessons.
  4. It is not difficult to find fake news on the internet.
  5. We can read the tips for being healthy in these book series.
  6. Here is the list of the professional technicians working in our company.
  7. The terrible landslide swept three villages near the hill.
  8. This luxurious restaurant sells the different vintages of the same wine.
  9. Many birds are died due to the extremely hot temperature in this area.
  10. I have sent the materials for the national exams to you.
  11. The scenic pictures in this gallery attract many visitors to come.
  12. You may borrow as many books as you want from this library.
  13. Writing books doesn’t interest my students at all.
  14. Some uncommon questions will be given during the interview.
  15. Several new menus are being promoted in that restaurant.
  16. I can taste some natural ingredients in this food.
  17. Many beaches in Indonesia are astounding.
  18. A lot of plastic waste overwhelms this river.
  19. Many contestants don’t have enough knowledge on space.
  20. This education corner provides much information about getting scholarships.

Activity Four

Now, you should try to make your own brochure. Make a group of four. You are free to choose any topic you want to promote.

To summarize what you have learnt, answer the questions below!

  1. What is the function of brochure or pamphlet?
  2. What is the function of banner?
  3. How many patterns are found in the Impersonal It? What are they?
  4. What does the Introductory There show?


No Questions Yes No
1. Can you differentiate the function of brochure or pamphlet from banner?
2. Do you understand the grammatical structure of the Impersonal It?
3 Do you understand the grammatical structure of the Introductory There?
4. Can you apply both structures in sentences?
5. Can you make a brochure?