Chapter 1: Offer

BE : 3.1/4.1/5/1.1


Basic Competence

3.1 menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi interpersonal lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan menawarkan jasa, serta menanggapinya, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya. (Perhatikan unsur kebahasaan May I help you?, What can I do for you? What if …?)

4.1 menyusun teks interaksi interpersonal lisan dan tulis sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan menawarkan jasa, dan menanggapinya dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai konteks      

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn about Offer and review on Hortatory Text. Surely, you will have to know the proper grammatical structure used to make the whole dialogue and composition meaningful.  Practicing how to compose a dialogue and a composition is needed to enhance your understanding on their social function and text structure.


Complete the dialogue below by choosing the provided expressions!

A. Would you like to order some food for vegetarian?  B. Is there anything I can help?  C. Can I have your order, please?   D. Would you like me to explain all of the food or only for vegetarian?  E. You can write your order on this piece of paper.

A man:        All of the food in this menu looks delicious.

Waitress:   …

A man:        Sure, I’m vegetarian.

Waitress:   You should choose this one, but if you don’t want something spicy, you may choose these.

A man:        Wait! I don’t really understand the language written on this menu.

Waitress:   …

A man:        just for vegetarian, please!

Waitress:   Ok. This one contains much cabbage and is not spicy, but these two are spicy enough and contain spinach and lettuce.

A man:        I see. Thank you for your explanation. I think I would rather to have this one with lettuce.

Waitress:     …


When you get the correct answers, what does each sentence express?


To know more about this expression, do some activities below!


Find other similar expressions you’ve ever heard. Write them on the board so that they can be discussed by the class.


After the class’ discussion on those expressions, use each of them or all of them in a (some) dialogue(s). Do this with your seatmate. When you finish it, let the teacher check your work.


To enhance your understanding on this material, you can do some exercises below!

3.1   Complete each dialogue by giving appropriate response!

  1. Bear: Would you like to taste the food?

Dog:     ___________

  1. Bary: You can bring these books home if you need them to write your thesis.

Dick:     ___________

  1. Bela: Shall I make a hotel reservation for your family?

Dale:     ___________

  1. Bonn: What should I bring for the party tomorrow?

Dole:     ___________

  1. Bird: Can I chop these garlics and onions?

Dog:     ___________

  1. Bear: What would you like me to do now?

Dog:     ___________

  1. Bean: Would you like some more ice cubes?

Dug:     ___________

  1. Buny: Can I help you with these flowers?

Dony:     ___________

  1. Bear: May I offer you an assistant to help you decorate this room?

Dog:     ___________

  1. Bree: I’d be happy to train your staff how to speak in front of the public.

Dea:     ___________


3.2    Read each dialogue well, then write where it takes place and what they are probably doing.

  1. Mr. Crab: This is really a hot day. I need something to make myself fresh.

Sponge:       Why don’t you just change your clothes with the swimming suit. Or shall I buy you some coconut water?

Mr. Crab:     That’s kind of you to offer and giving me advice, but I prefer spending my time in the air conditioned room to swimming there with a lot of people.

  1. Neon: Oh…my God, I spilt some salty soya sauce to this salad. They will send a complaint to the boss.

Sean:             Don’t worry! Let me make it more tasteful.

Neon:           That’s great. Thank you. What will you do?

Sean:             I’ll put more vinegar and a little black pepper and mixed it with the vegetables.

  1. Duck: Why is it difficult to find some information to support this statement?

Dick:              Do you want me to search it on other books? There are still many books about it in the second stair.

Duck:             Thank you for your offer, but I think I’ll change the topic.

  1. A man: Are you looking for something or someone?

A woman:   Yes, I lost my child. I left him here for I needed to go to toilet. When I came back, he was gone. It’s so crowded here.

A man:          Please, stay here. I can ask the security over there to announce it.

A woman:   You may not do that. The one who will kill him may know that he is here.

  1. A stranger: Would you like me to call an ambulance?

A man:          No, thank you. I’m alright.

A stranger:  But, you look to be badly injured. Or Can I drive you home?

A man:          Don’t worry, I can manage it.


Make a group of three, then practice having a two-minute dialogue. You may either perform it at the front of the class or record it by your mobile phone.


In this activity, you will review your knowledge on Hortatory Exposition text. So, open this link:

Do all the exercises. You may rewrite one of the text, but try developing it with your own arguments.


Answer the questions below to review what has been learnt:

  1. What construction is used to express an offer?
  2. Give an example of when or where an offer is used!
  3. What is the generic structure of Hortatory Text?


38 thoughts on “Chapter 1: Offer”

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