Chapter Four : Descriptive Text and Adjective Clause

CHAPTER FOUR : DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AND ADJECTIVE CLAUSE

BE : 3.3/4.3/1/4.4

  1. Identity

BASIC COMPETENCE

3.4 membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsure kebahasaan beberapa teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis dengan member dan meminta informasi terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal, pendek dan sederhana, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.4 teks deskriptif

4.4.1 menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal

4.4.2 menyusun teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana, terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsure kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks

Learning purpose

In this chapter, you will learn about Descriptive text and how to use the adjective clause to describe things or people.  Practicing is needed to enhance your understanding on the social function, the structure of the descriptive text and  grammatical structure of adjective clause.

Learning process

GENERAL INSTRUCTION : You have to do the activities step by step to understand the learning material. At the end, there will be an evaluation to test your level of understanding on the material. When your level is above the passing score, you may continue to the next material.

Before you ask for the evaluation, please ensure yourself that you have already mastered the whole material in this chapter.

BEFORE LEARNING

FIND A PICTURE, THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW!

  1. Where is the picture possibly taken?

____________________________________________

  1. Which adjectives can be used to describe the scene in the picture?

____________________________________________

  1. Write five sentences to describe the scene in the picture. ____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

  1. Based on the previous three questions, what are you to learn then?

____________________________________________

 

WHILST  LEARNING

ACTIVITY ONE

READ THIS TEXT CAREFULLY, THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW!

Grand tombs and gateways to the afterlife—the pyramids of Egypt are among the world’s most magnificent monuments. Their massive size and simple shape fascinate people.

Pyramids were lavish tombs built only for royalty and other high-ranking people. The ancient Egyptians believed that the spirits of dead people could live on only if their bodies survived. So they preserved dead bodies by making them into mummies. Mummies are dried-out bodies wrapped in linen bandages. The ancient Egyptians buried the mummies securely inside pyramids.

Many treasures were buried with royal mummies. The ancient Egyptians believed that all of the items a person used in life would also be needed after death. They buried thousands of items with pharaohs and other important people. These items were made of the richest materials, such as gold and jewels. Some mummies even had coffins made from solid gold!

Pyramids were holy places, where spirits passed into the afterlife. Hieroglyphs (picture writing) were carved inside to guide each spirit on its journey. Priests made offerings at nearby temples to help the spirits.

Building a pyramid was an enormous project. The largest, the Great Pyramid of King Khufu, measured an astonishing 482 feet (147 meters) high. That’s 50 stories high! Thousands of laborers worked for years to build it. They cut millions of huge stone blocks. These blocks could weigh as much as 33,000 pounds (15,000 kilograms)! The laborers dragged them up earthen ramps using ropes, wooden rollers, and muscle power.

The pyramids’ shape developed from boxlike brick tombs, built one on top of the other. The first true pyramid was designed for the Egyptian king Sneferu, who died in 2551 bc. Workers laid stone blocks on a square foundation, then added layers on top, each smaller than the one below. They covered the resulting stair-step shape with stone slabs to create smooth, sloping sides.

Inside, each pyramid had rooms for the dead person and for the treasures to be used in the afterlife. Entrances were hidden by secret passages and doors. Even so, most pyramids were looted by grave robbers. The robbers found most of the hidden rooms and stole the treasures.

(Source :Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

  1. What does the first paragraph tell about?

____________________________________________

  1. What makes people attracted to pyramids of Egypt?

____________________________________________

  1. Whom were pyramids built for?

____________________________________________

  1. Why were the pyramids so important for the Egyptians?

____________________________________________

  1. What are mummies?

____________________________________________

  1. Where were the mummies kept?

____________________________________________

  1. Which mummies were buried with their treasures?

____________________________________________

  1. Why were many treasures buried with the mummies?

____________________________________________

  1. How were the coffins of rich people?

____________________________________________

  1. Why did the priests make the offerings at the temple near the pyramids?

____________________________________________

  1. What does the fifth paragraph tell about?

____________________________________________

  1. How were the layers of the pyramids?

____________________________________________

  1. What did Egyptians believe in the afterlife?

____________________________________________

  1. What was the function of the secret passages and doors?

____________________________________________

  1. Write the reference of each underlined pronoun in the text!

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

 

ACTIVITY TWO

NOW, DO SOME EXERCISES TO HAVE MORE UNDERSTANDING ON THE WORDS IN THE TEXT!

 WRITE THE WORDS IN THE TEXT WHICH DESCRIBE THE PLACES OR THINGS, AND FIND THE MEANING OF EACH! (Number 1 has been done for you!)

TO EASE YOUR WORK, YOU MAY ARRANGE YOUR ANSWER IN THIS TABLE!

NO Descriptive words Meaning / synonym
1 magnificent exceptional good of its kind; extremely beautiful
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

 

ARRANGE THESE JUMBLED LETTERS INTO THE CORRECT AND MEANINGFUL WORD!

  1. A-W-A-T-E-Y-G-S
  2. A-G-M-N-I-C-E-F-I-N-T
  3. P-H-A-A-R-H-O-S
  4. O-F-R-I-N-G-S-F-E
  5. R-T-E-A-E-N-H
  6. E-N-A-T-R-C-E-N-S
  7. A-T-R-E-S-R-E-U
  8. F-A-C-I-S-T-E-N-A
  9. H-H-S-I-O-G-L-E-R-Y-P
  10. S-U-Q-E-A-R
  11. S-E-P-R-V-E-E-R
  12. O-R-E-N-M-S-O-U
  13. B-O-L-A-E-R-R
  14. M-S-I-V-E-A-S
  15. L-A-S-H-V-I
  16. R-V-S-V-E-U-I
  17. S-A-P-A-S-E-G
  18. M-U-E-R-EA-S
  19. E-M-T-P-E-L
  20. F-N-O-U-N-D-A-T-I-O

ASK THE TEACHER TO CHECK YOUR ANSWER!

ACTIVITY THREE

TO UNDERSTAND MORE ON DESCRIPTIVE TEXT, DO THESE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW!

  1. FIND YOUR OWN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT ON HISTORICAL PLACES OR OTHER TOURISM OBJECTS.
  2. MAKE 10 QUESTIONS ABOUT IT.
  3. COLLECT 20 WORDS FROM IT AND WRITE THE SYNONYM OF EACH.
  4. DETERMINE WHICH PARAGRAPH SHOWS THE INTRODUCTION OF THE DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AND WHICH DESCRIBE THE THING.

 

ACTIVITY FOUR

AFTER YOU HAVE FINISHED WITH THE DESCRIPTIVE TEXT, NOW LEARN THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE WHICH CAN BE USED IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT!

BEFORE DOING THIS TASK, LEARN WHAT IS ADJECTIVE CLAUSE and THE TABLE OF THE RELATIVE PRONOUNS IN THE GRAMMAR BOOK.

HERE ARE THE STEPS TO JOIN TWO SENTENCES TO MAKE A COMPLEX SENTENCE WITH THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE ON SUBJECT!

  1. CHANGE THE UNDERLINED PRONOUN IN THE SECOND SENTENCE WITH THE CORRECT RELATIVE PRONOUN.
  2. PUT THE SECOND SENTENCE RIGHT AFTER THE BOLD NOUN IN THE FIRST SENTENCE.

SEE THE EXAMPLE :          The man looks wise enough.

He has led this company for almost ten years.  (who)

  1. who has led this company for almost ten years.
  2. The man who has led this company for almost ten years looks wise enough.

 NOW,  TRY JOINING EACH TWO SENTENCES BELOW AS THE STEPS ARE.

  1. The place has fantastic scenery. It is located near the temple.
  2. The school children are learning some old trees in this botany garden. They seem quite enthusiastic.
  3. We didn’t have time to visit the beach. It gives the satisfaction marine panorama.
  4. Everyone is interested in exploring the huge garden. It has thousands species of wonderful flowers.
  5. The animals have been used to being with humans. They live near the village.
  6. Some women were taking care of the little tortoises. They are the members of the animals saving community.
  7. The tourist guides are able to speak more than three languages. They have accompanied the foreign tourists for years.
  8. The historians will be visiting some historical sites. They are eager to find the truth of histories.
  9. The Indonesian musicians are holding a concert at the temple. It fascinates people through its complicated structures.
  10. The manuscripts were written by the ancient. They tell about the wisdom living.

HERE ARE THE STEPS TO JOIN TWO SENTENCES TO MAKE A COMPLEX SENTENCE WITH THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE ON OBJECT!

  1. CHANGE THE UNDERLINED PRONOUN IN THE SECOND SENTENCE WITH THE CORRECT RELATIVE PRONOUN.
  2. MOVE THE RELATIVE PRONOUN TO THE BEGINNING OF THE SECOND SENTENCE.
  3. PUT THE SECOND SENTENCE RIGHT AFTER THE BOLD NOUN IN THE FIRST SENTENCE.

SEE THE EXAMPLE :          The flowers are blooming beautifully.

My mother planted them four months ago.  (which)

  1. My mother planted which four months ago.
  2. which my mother planted four months ago.
  3. The flowers which my mother planted four months ago are blooming beautifully.

NOW,  TRY JOINING EACH TWO SENTENCES BELOW AS THE STEPS ARE.

  1. The magnificent monuments are found in Egypt. People know them as pyramids.
  2. The high-ranking people built lavish tombs. A lot of precious things were buried with them.
  3. Our family often spends the holiday at the places. Everyone is not interested in them.
  4. The guides are quite knowledgeable. Tourists like to have them for explaining some historical places.
  5. My friend is fond of having an adventure to the historical sites. I always have a long journey with him.
  6. I read an article about the new destination in Malang. I found it in the newspaper.
  7. Someone showed me the way to the amazing waterfall. I have ever seen it in the social media.
  8. The domestic tourists still ignore the cleanliness. We are quite annoyed at them.
  9. The Mayor gets some environmental awards. People give high appreciation on him.
  10. The stairs to the temple are more than a hundred. We counted them while going up to the top.

 

HERE ARE THE STEPS TO JOIN TWO SENTENCES TO MAKE A COMPLEX SENTENCE WITH THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE ON POSSESSION!

  1. CHANGE THE UNDERLINED PRONOUN IN THE SECOND SENTENCE WITH THE CORRECT RELATIVE PRONOUN.
  2. MOVE THE RELATIVE PRONOUN AND ITS NOUN TO THE BEGINNING OF THE SECOND SENTENCE.
  3. PUT THE SECOND SENTENCE RIGHT AFTER THE BOLD NOUN IN THE FIRST SENTENCE.

SEE THE EXAMPLE :          Please, tell me about some destinations.

Everyone uses their perfect view for photography purposes. (whose)

  1. Everyone uses whose perfect view for photography purposes.
  2. whose perfect view everyone uses for photography purposes.
  3. Please, tell me about some destinations whose perfect view everyone uses for photography purposes.

NOW,  TRY JOINING EACH TWO SENTENCES BELOW AS THE STEPS ARE.

  1. Young generation should be given facilities to explore the nature to preserve it. Their passion is on protecting the environment.
  2. A lot of tourism objects have been promoted through internet. Their facilities are modern enough.
  3. The government is going to revitalize some national parks. People complain on their difficult access.
  4. Every tourist may not touch the artifacts. Their age is more than five hundred years.
  5. The marine life will become a wonderful attraction. Its environment is free from pollution.
  6. The divers are helping some tourists enjoy the beauty of the marine life. Their professionalism has been admitted.
  7. People are prohibited to build a house on the historical site. The government conserves its heritage.
  8. The luxurious yacht destroyed a vast coral reef last year. Its size is the same as a small town.
  9. Few people are aware of the danger of the plastic pollution at the beach. Its bad condition raises our concern much.
  10. The people don’t understand how to keep their environment protected. Their knowledge on the environment is quite poor.

AFTER DOING THE PREVIOUS TASKS, NOW DO THIS EXERCISE BELOW!

FILL IN THE BLANK WITH THE CORRECT RELATIVE PRONOUN!

  1. Indonesia is an archipelago … lies across the equator.
  2. Indonesia … population is more than two hundred millions is the most fourth most populous country in the world.
  3. Papuan … have many languages has encouraged themselves to be multilinguist.
  4. Lombok … plants and animals are different from those from Bali is rich of vegetation and typical mammals.
  5. The population of Lombok … largely originates from Malay is composed of Balinese, Chinese, and Sumbawanese.
  6. Foreigners … have ever visited Indonesia are always amazed on its various cultures and languages.
  7. Many linguists … local people introduce their language to are enthusiastically learning its uniqueness.
  8. Botanical garden … collection of living things are designed to illustrate the ecosystem becomes the appropriate place to study how the nature works.
  9. Many governments are aware to build a botanical garden … offers the city dwellers the nature … they cannot access anymore.
  10. Many rural people … realize that their environment has been destroyed badly are trying to save and convert it to become the ecotourism object.
  11. The urban people … environment has been polluted spend their weekend enjoying the fresh air in rural areas.
  12. We can easily find the tourists … budget is low are still able to enjoy their time.
  13. Some tourist destinations offer the atmosphere of other countries’ culture … may attract many visitors.
  14. It is important for the government to renovate some historical places … can give a lot of knowledge on the past life.
  15. Many young people … dream is visiting other countries consider that their culture are more modern.
  16. Schools should modify the education on art and literature … can stimulate the students’ pride on our cultures.
  17. Culture can become an interesting object for tourism if the people … own it are aware of its greatness.
  18. Some talented young people … introduce our culture abroad have become the cultural ambassadors.
  19. There is always a way … can make our people appreciate the greatness of our own culture.
  20. Indonesia … traditions are numerous has become one of the most destination country to visit.

FIND TEN SENTENCES WHICH CONTAIN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE FROM ANY TEXT OR ARTICLE, THEN UNDERLINED THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE.

WHEN YOU FINISHED ALL THE TASKS, LET THE TEACHER CHECK YOUR WORK.

 

ACTIVITY FIVE

WRITE YOUR OWN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT , THEN TELL IT IN FRONT OF THE CLASS!

 

CLOSING

NOW, LET’S SUMMARIZE WHAT WE HAVE LEARNT BY ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS:

  1. What is the generic structure of a descriptive text?

____________________________________________

  1. What is the function of “adjective clause”?

____________________________________________

  1. Mention the relative pronouns which are used in adjective clause!

____________________________________________

SHOW YOUR ANSWER TO THE TEACHER, THEN FILL IN THE TABLE BELOW TO KNOW IF YOU HAVE GOOD UNDERSTANDING ON THE LEARNT MATERIAL!

SELF-REFLECTION ON THE MASTERY OF MATERIALS

No Questions Yes No
1. Can you describe a place or a thing?
2. Can you identify a descriptive text?
3. Can you comprehend a descriptive text?
4. Can you make a complex sentence with adjective clause?
5 Can you identify an adjective clause in a text?
6 Do you understand the function of adjective clause?

 

ENGLISH SUBJECT X

 

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