Reading all genres in multiple choice

READING ALL GENRES IN MULTIPLE CHOICE

Choose the correct answer!

Text One

 Why is river water sometimes brown? The water turns brown when it’s full of mud. A brown river is an example of erosion in action. Flowing water carries away, or erodes, tiny bits of dirt and rock from the ground it passes over. Erosion moves rock and dirt from place to place. Earth’s surface can be greatly changed by erosion. Over tremendously long periods of time, erosion can carry whole mountains into the sea!

The dirt and pieces of rock that erosion carries away come from weathering. Weathering is the process by which nature breaks rocks up. Heat from the Sun can make rock expand and crack into pieces. Ice can also break up rock. Water gets into cracks in the rock and freezes. Ice expands when it freezes and breaks the rock. Plant roots can also grow into rocks and crack them. Rainwater can dissolve, or absorb, some rocks, turning them into liquid. Rainwater can turn other rocks into sand or clay.

Once rocks break into pieces, erosion takes over. Water, wind, and ice carry away the pieces left behind by weathering.

Rainwater runs down hillsides and carries dirt with it. Over time, flowing water can carry away so much rock and dirt that it cuts into the ground and forms a channel. The Colorado River eroded a huge cut in the rock of the southwestern United States called the Grand Canyon.

Ocean waves crash against seashores. The waves take sand away from some beaches and pile it up on other beaches.

Wind is the main cause of erosion in deserts. There are few plants to hold the dry dirt in place. Wind blows away loose sand and dry dirt.

Windstorms blew away a lot of dirt on the Great Plains of the United States in the 1930s. There had been no rain for years, and the dirt was dry. The farm areas destroyed by wind were called the Dust Bowl.

Glaciers are huge sheets of ice. Glaciers move slowly across the land. Ice underneath the glacier picks up and carries away sand, dirt, and pebbles. The sand, dirt, and pebbles grind away more rock as the glacier moves.

Water flowing through rivers can carve out deep canyons. The water carries sand and dirt to other places. The Mississippi River dumps tons of dirt where it empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The dirt eventually piles up to create land where once there was ocean. This process makes rich farmland called the Mississippi Delta.

Wind can blow away sand and dirt leaving bare rock. It can pile up the sand it erodes to make hills called sand dunes.

Glaciers can make big changes in Earth. During the last ice age, glaciers covered much of North America. Glaciers carved out many lakes. They made the five Great Lakes.

(Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

1. P.1 line 3 : “….from the ground it passes over.” The underlined word refers to …

A. mud  B.  flowing water   C. ground    D.  tiny bits of dirt    E. season

2. What can the greatest impact of erosion be over a long time?

A. turning the river into brown  B.  washing away the rock and dirt of the ground   C. moving rocks and dirt to other places   D.  changing ground into a mountain   E.  carrying whole mountains to the sea

3. Rocks become pieces because of these natural processes, except

A. the sun heat   B.  water   C. rainwater   D.  plant roots   E. high temperature

4. What causes the rock expand?

A. weather   B.  sun heat   C. ice   D.  water   E. plant roots

5. P.2 line 2 : “…when it freezes..” The underlined word refers to …

A. heat   B.  sun   C. rock   D.  ice    E. nature

6. P.2 line 4 : “….rocks and crack them.” The underlined word refers to …

A. ice   B.  rocks   C. cracks    D. plant roots    E. erosion

7. From the text, we can know that Grand Canyon is probably …

A. a mountain  B.  a river    C. a hill   D. a channel   E. a rock

8. The ocean waves can make these, except

A. a new beach   B.  a larger beach    C. a destroyed beach   D.  a beach piled of sand   E. crashes on the ocean

9. What is called as the Dust Bowl is …

A. the Great Plains of United States   B.  the wind-destroyed farm   C. the blowing windstorms   D.  the dry dirt   E. the farm with no rains at all

10. Based on the text, which is incorrect?

A. Rocks turn into pieces as the glacier move   B. While moving slowly, glacier carries sand, dirt and pebbles   C. Canyon can change their shape due to the flowing water    D. The Mississipi Delta was once an ocean     E. The sand that forms sand dunes is the example of erosion in action

11. P. 5 line 1 “….beaches and pile it up…” The underlined word refers to …

A. ocean    B. sand    C. oceanwaves    D.  seashores    E. beach

12. P.9 line 3 : “This process makes rich….” The underlined word refers to …

A. carving out deep Canyon   B.  flowing the dust and sand to other places    C. emptying the Mississipi river    D.  umping tons of dirt in the Gulf of Mexico    E. piling up ocean to create a land

Text Two

Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important than other supporting tools in economic development. In Indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of development because of some good reasons.

First of all, the agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development of the country was the highest of all sectors. At present, almost half of the total Indonesian labors are working in agriculture sector, but the contribution of agriculture sector does not reach 30 percent.

Second, agriculture sector is expected to fulfill the need of food in the country. As the number of population increases in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also increase but agricultural production per capita never increases more than one percent each year, and in some extreme cases, it is even stagnant.

Last but not least, without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be hampered because the growth that comes from industry will bring a wider gap into the internal economy in the country. In turn, this gap will create serious poverty problem and wider inequality of income distribution, and increase unemployment.

Based on the above reasons, it is obvious that the government gives more attention on the agriculture sector.

13. The text is about …

A. the importance of agriculture in the economic development   B. the agriculture contribution in the increase of employment    C. the growth of industrial sector in the country    D. the quality of agriculture in the country    E. the process of developing the agriculture

14. In order to support economic development, the government should …

A. produce more food as the priority    B. reduce labors in agriculture sector    C. supply more food for the national need    D. increase industrial sector as the first priority   E. prioritize agriculture in the national development

15. The main idea of paragraph two is …

A. almost half of Indonesian labors are working in agriculture sector   B. less that 30 percent of Indonesian labors work in agriculture sector    C. there is no agriculture contribution in the beginning of the development    D. the contribution of agriculture in the beginning of the development reaches more than 30 percent    E. The contribution of agriculture to the government was better in the beginning of the development

16. “As the number of population increases in an alarming rate each year….” (p.3 line 2)

A. high   B.  average     C. low     D. reminding   E. dangerous

 Text Three

 It is probably one of the most important books I have ever read. Not for its heavy philosophy, practical instructions, or memorable quotes; but for its simple message of how wonderful life can be when viewed through the eyes of an innocent child.

Each story is only a page or two, a delightful narrative of how Toto-chan views the world, and how Mr. Kuroyanagi inspires the children to explore, learn, feel and have joy. There are several charcoal drawings that capture the tenderness of the stories, making us feel a part of Totto-chan’s world.

One of my favourite vignettes is the story of losing her hat in the septic tank at the school, and proceeding to dig it out. The headmaster walks by, and after a few questions to satisfy his curiosity, and hearing her earnest explanations, he lets her continue with the simple instruction, ”make sure you put it all back!”

Toto-chan, The Little Girl at The Window is a celebration of childhood, learning and caring. We have enjoyed reading one or two stories for bedtime off-and-on for a couple of years, and almost don’t want to finish the book because it will mean there are no more stories. Totto-chan seems so real and loveable, and her headmaster is a role model for parents and teachers.

The book is written by Tetsuko Kuroyanagi and translated by Dorothy Britton.

17. What is the genre of the text?

A. Recount     B. Review   C. Narrative    D. Description    E. Anecdote

18. How does the writer of this book send the moral message to the reader?

A. by telling about philosophy, practical instructions, or memorable quotes    B. by presenting a simple life through children’s perception    C. by teaching teachers and parents how to treat a child    D. by being a role model for  parents and teachers    E. by writing many books about reality in children’s life

19. Based on the text, Totto-chan, The Girl at The Window is a story …,except

A. of an innocent children      B. that motivates children to explore the world    C. containing philosophy of life    D. that describes good headmasters and teachers   E. that shows how simple a life is

20. According to the text, who inspires the children enjoying their childhood?

A. Tetsuko Kuroyagi     B. Dorothy Britton   C. The teachers    D.  The little girl    E. The headmaster

Text Four

 Cancer is a group of diseases that can cause almost any signs or symptoms. The signs and symptoms will depend on where the cancer is, how big it is and how much it affects the organs or tissues. If a cancer has spread (metastasized), signs or symptoms may appear in different parts of the body.

As a cancer grows, it can begin to push on nearby organs, blood vessels and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer. If the cancer is in a critical area, such as certain parts of the brain, even the smallest tumor can cause symptoms. But sometimes cancer starts in places where it will not cause any signs or symptoms until it has grown quite large. Cancers of the pancreas, for example, usually do not cause symptoms until they grow large enough to press on nearby nerves or organs (this causes back or belly pain). Others may grow around the bile duct and block the flow of bile. This causes the eyes and skin to look yellow (jaundice). By the time a pancreatic cancer causes signs or symptoms like these, it is usually in an advanced stage. This means it has grown and spread beyond the place it started.

A cancer may also cause symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness (fatigue) or weight loss. This may be because cancer cells use up much of the body’s energy supply, or they may release substances that change the way the body makes energy from food. Or the cancer may cause the immune system to react in ways that produce these signs and symptoms. Sometimes, cancer cells release substances into the bloodstream. This causes symptoms which are not usually linked to cancer. For example, some cancers of the pancreas can release substances that raise blood calcium levels. This affects nerves and muscles, making the person feel weak and dizzy.

Treatment works best when cancer is found early while it’s still small and is less likely to have spread to other parts of the body. This often means a better chance for a cure, especially, if the cancer can be removed with surgery.

21. The appearance of the signs or symptoms of cancer depends on these, except

A.  the place of the cancer    B. the size of the cancer    C. Its impact on organ    and tissues    D. its way to spread    E.            its condition

22. “…how big it is and how much it affects the organs…”  The underlined word is in closest meaning to …

A. influences     B. changes     C. converts      D. culminates     E. recovers

23. “….symptoms until they grow large enough…” (p.2 line 5)   What does the underlined word refer to?

A. the places of cancers     B. nearby organs    C. signs or symptoms      D. cancers of pancreas     E.  certain parts of brain

24. Being fatigue can be caused by …

A. The cell’s consuming of body’s energy    B. The release of the body’s energy     C. the overactive reaction of the immune system     D.  the hormone-like substance in the muscles     E.  the release of substance usually linked to cancer

25. From the last paragraph, we can learn that …

A. there is no disease which has no cure    B. we should seek early detection of cancer to have the best treatment    C. we should ignore any sign of cancer because it can be removed with surgery    D. when we feel weak and dizzy, it is sign of cancer    E. healthy lifestyle can prevent us from cancer

Text Five

The implementation of the new graduation standard for High School students has evoked people to bring different responses.

Some people agree with the rule because it indicates the students’ mastery of or the competence on the whole material for three years. The result of the final exam is also significant for students’ future study in the higher level. In addition, we are far left behind by our neighboring countries that have implemented a higher graduation grade standard.

However, some other people believe that imposing a high standard will not be effective. The results of the exams have proven to be unreliable because it assesses the students’ competence only in a couple of days. A smart student for example, may get a low grade just because he is sick during the exam. On the other hand, an idle student may achieve the standard due to the luck. Therefore, there should then be an alternative way to the national exam considered as the standard one.

Despite different points of view, the government should intensely work on this matter in the hope of getting a better solution upon improving the High-School graduates’ quality.

26. What is the purpose of this text?

A. to discuss different opinions on the new graduation standard    B. to object to the new graduation standard    C. to give arguments on the new graduation standard    D. to explain the importance of the new graduation standard     E. to find an alternative way to get better graduation

27. “….for High School students has evoked people to bring…” (paragraph 1)       The underlined word is best replaced by …

A. created      B. gained    C. aroused      D.  got   E. examined

28. Which is NOT the reason for people agreeing to the new graduation standard?

A. Managing the whole material can be shown through the national exam   B. The results of the national exam indicate the students’ mastery on the whole material   C.  The students’ future depends on the final exam    D.  Neighboring countries’ students have higher graduation standard     E.  The results of the final exam help the graduates continue their study in the higher level

29. What is the writer’s position in the controversy of graduation standardization?

A. The writer does not take side      B. The writer supports it     C.   The writer follows the government’s policy     D. The writer opposes it    E. The writer is strongly against it.

Text Six

OFFICE SUITES

This is new and unusual building in the downtown business district offers unique opportunities for small to midsized tenants to occupy an entire floor from 1,600 to 6,000 square feet are available for immediate occupancy.

Commuting is easy, with the subway stop only one block away. It’s convenient to shops, restaurants, hotels, and business services.

For leasing information call 303-572-5947

30. What is this advertisement about?

A. A new office building       B. Office suites to sell     C. Office suites to rent     D. A building in the business district     E. The unusual building downtown

31. The good point about the office suite is …

A. furnished       B. several blocks away from subway stop    C. available in one type size     D. easy to reach for commuters     E. far from public places

 Text Seven

 Detective Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr. Watson are back on the cinema through the ‘A Game of Shadows”. After the success of his first film in 2009, Guy Ritchie redirected sequel of “Sherlock Holmes”.

A bomb exploding in Stassbourg, England soon became headline in several newspapers. Holmes (Robert Downey Jr.) who disguised as a beggar was busy stalking Irene Adler (Rachel McAdams), his enemy who was also his idol. She brought an important package.

In the sequel of “Sherlock Holmes” this time, Professor Morriarty (Jared Harris) becomes the most dangerous enemy. Moriarty is not the kind of person who is hesitant to remove the lives of many people in order to achieve his goal. The explosion in Stassbourg is one of his creations.

Holmes was busy when his friend, Dr. Watson (Jude Law) was getting married. His marriage would automatically make Holmes lose his partner in investigating the case.

A gypsy woman, Madam Sinza Heron (Noomi Rapace), helped Holmes get through the adventure this time. There was also Holmes’ brother, Mycroft Holmes (Stephen Fry) who accompanied Holmes.

The farce made by Holmes and several other characters in the film is able to cause laughter. The chemistry between Robert and Jude is undoubtedly able to captivate the audience’s attention for they have been together since in the first sequel.

Chess competition between Holmes and Prof. Moriarty became the ultimate point. They both described the mind wanders respectively. Are you intrigued by the acting of the detective? The film “Sherlock Holmes: ‘A game of Shadows’ can be alternative entertainment this weekend.

32. The text is about …

A. A review of ‘A game of Shadows’ movie   B. The description of Holmes’ life as a detective    C. An introduction of “Sherlock Holmes” movie     D. A discussion about Robert Downey Jr. and Jude Law’s lives   E. A report of the adventure of a gypsy woman

33. Which is correct about Moriarty?

A. He likes to achieve a goal despite his kindness    B. He keeps others’ life    C. He will do everything to achieve his goal including murdering.    D. He is accused of the explosion as his way to remove his life     E. he is always doubtful when he has to kill others’ life.

34. What is Mycroft Holmes’ role in the film?

A. Replacing Holmes’ partner        B. Leading Holmes to Madam Sinza   C. Accompanying Holmes      D. Being Holmes’ enemy     E. Solving Holmes’ problem

35. Why does the writer recommend this film?

A. because it will captivate the audience’s attention by Holmes’ adventure    B. because all of the characters are laughter boosters     C. because it describes the chemistry between Robert and Jude    D. because there are new characters that were not found in the first sequel     E. because it is better than the first sequel

Text Eight

Christiano Ronaldo was born on February 5, 1985, in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal. Manchester United paid £ 12 million to sign him in 2003 – a record fee for a player of his age. In the 2004 FA Cup Final, he scored Manchester’s first three goals and helped them capture the championship. In 2008, he set a franchise record for goals scored. In 2009, Real Madrid paid a record $ 131 million for his service.

It was through his dad’s work as an equipment manager at a boy’s club that Ronaldo was first introduced to the game of soccer. By the time he was 10 years old, he was already recognized as a phenomenon – a kid who ate, slept and drank the game. “All he wanted to do as a boy was playing football,” his godfather, Fernao Sousa, recalled for British reporters, adding, “He loved the game so much that he’d miss meals or escape out his bedroom window with a ball when he was supposed to be doing homework.”

By his early teens, Ronaldo’s talent and legend had grown considerably. After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with Sporting Portugal in 2001. That same year, at the tender age of 16, Ronaldo turned heads with a mesmerizing performance against Manchester United, wowing even his opponents with his footwork  and deft skill. He made such an impression that a number of United players asked their manager to try and sign the young player. It wasn’t long before the club paid Ronaldo’s team more than £ 12 million for his services – a record fee for a player of his age.

36. What did Ronaldo do for MU in 2004?

A. set a franchise record     B. scored several goals for MU in some competitions    C. led MU to win FA CUP Championship     D. recorded himself as the best player     E.  paid $ 12 million for MU

37. From paragraph two, we learn that …

A. Ronaldo was a talented football player     B. Ronaldo was a very energetic football player     C. Ronaldo gained his success by his earlier teens     D. Ronaldo was a legendary young football players     E. Ronaldo became the youngest player in Manchester United

38. “After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with…” (p.3 line 2)  The underlined word can be best replaced by …

A. participated      B.  wrote     C. followed     D.  went     E. joined

39. Which is NOT true about Ronaldo?

A. He often ignored his homework for he wanted to train herself     B. His love to the game grows more and more      C. His deft skill attracts every one    D. His team got £ 12 million for his services      E. He has been so enthusiastic in playing football since he scored three goals for MU.

Text Nine

 To the manager of Taco Tacontento

I am writing to bring to your attention a serious issue I had in your establishment last week. I ordered a vegetarian bean burrito, and halfway through my meal, I bit into what turned out to be a chicken bone.

I am a vegetarian, and the presence of bone in my burrito was jarring. I showed the bone to the staff, who offered to make me a new burrito with the same beans the bone presumably came from. I did not want to risk eating any meat or finding another bone, so I asked for a taco salad instead.

I am a regular customer at your restaurant, and I have never had any problems with your food in the past. While I am relatively certain this was a fluke, I am still concerned about how the bone got into the beans. I would like to know how this might have happened.

I am also concerned about the lack of understanding I received from the staff member who helped me. I don’t know if she was working alone or merely misunderstood my request, but she refused to let me speak to her supervisor while I was in the restaurant. I felt she acted very unprofessionally.

I hope to hear back from you about this incident. I can be reached by phone at (555) 867-5309 at any time or by email at mhoss@mailclient.com.

Sincerely,

Marilyn Hoss

40. The text is about a letter of …

A. inquiry     B. order      C. complain      D. reservation    E. application

41. What was the writer mainly concerned about?

A. the cheated restaurant      B. non vegetarian taco    C. a wrong food     D. the small amount of taco salad    E. bone in burrito

42. Why was the writer disappointed to the staff member?

A. because she always works alone     B. because she didn’t get the writer’s explanation     C. because she refused to talk to the supervisor      D. because she felt incompetent     E. because the writer was concerned only about the food

43. How was the restaurant’s service?

A. dissatisfying     B. pleasing    C.  boring       D.  disgusting     E. upsetting

READING PRACTICES

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