Analytical Exposition Texts


Communicative Purpose:

To reveal the readers that something is the important case

 Generic Structure:

  1. Thesis
  2. Arguments
  3. Reiteration/Conclusion

Text One

Make an outline of this text!

The popularity of social media eases every one to do what they want. They may do online business, or post their creative handmade or just post hate speech.  Many Indonesian youth  don’t want to fall behind the telecommunication technology, however  they don’t understand  how to make it useful for their life. Therefore,  it is important for the youth to post the positive things than the negative ones.

The reasons why posting the positive things is important is firstly, because it shows that we have good attitude, especially when we use the language, Indonesian or English one. Writing to social media means realizing that whatever we write will be read by others, anyone. Sometimes some managers use the language of what is posted by their employees in the mass media to know their character. It is possible that they will fire them when those employees spread the hate speech or negative things on their own twitter or Facebook as it shows their bad character. Secondly, posting the positive things like showing our participation in social organizations or other voluntary activities may boost our personal branding. Based on some researchers, such as Hendy Kurniawan, the Global Human Resources Leader and the Founder of East West talent, improving career can be done by posting personal branding. It is admitted that in Indonesia, posting an achievement is considered boastful. But surely, we should choose good words to make what we post won’t cause jealousy  but motivate others to do better instead. Posting an achievement may also interest global companies to see their competence and open the chance for improving their career.

In short, social media becomes  sharp blade which can kill the young people’s life or give them a wonderful one. This depends on how they use those media. Surely, posting positive things is absolutely the wise choice for improving their career and future life.

((Written by Hedwig, inspired by “Intisari, February 2016”)



Arrange these jumbled words into the correct words, then write their part of speech. (The words are taken from the text)

  1. P-O-L-A-Y-P-U-R-I-T
  2. H-D-A-N-D-E-M-A
  3. U-F-U-S-E-L
  4. U-A-T-T-D-E-T-I
  5. E-Y-E-M-P-L- O-E
  6. E-E-C-I-A-S-L-Y-P-L
  7. C-R-A-A-H-R-C-T-E
  8. J-U-E-A-S-Y-L-O
  9. B-O-A-S-T-F-U-L
  10. A-N-H-C-V-E-I-E-M-E-T
  11. A-Y-B-S-O-T-E-L-L-U
  12. S-O-P-E-A-R-N-L
  13. I-E-R-N-T-S-T-E
  14. N-S-C-O-I-E-R-D
  15. Y-V-O-N-T-A-R-L-U

After you know the part of speech of each word, put it in a good and meaningful sentence!



Put these sentences below into the correct positions in the text

  1. These conditions are going to form them to be inconsiderate or insensitive persons.
  2. When communicating through phones, they only hear the voice that can be camouflaged.
  3. They forget that touching and facing each other when talking especially with their children is important while they are growing emotionally and physically.
  4. There are some phases of their emotional development during those first fifteen years which require the parents’ presence.
  5. Thus, this may avoid the misunderstanding between parents and children.
  6. Their love which is shown through their great attention on them is the most effective to take their children away from negative things.
  7. They want to show that they are powerful because their parents ignore their existence.
  8. Most of them said that they consumed the drugs because they didn’t get any attention from their parents and felt depressed of being alone.


                 The change in the communication style in a family effects on the relationship among the dwellers.  Parents who both work feel it enough to communicate with their spouse or children by phone. (1) …. Besides, the need to actualize themselves  makes these children busy with their own business. The impact is that there is no time to be together or to interact between the parents and children. (2) … Therefore, it is crucial to have a direct communication in a family. Below are the reasons for this.

First, Direct communication develops the family bond. The body language or the facial expressions when speaking can help the children understand what their parents want or vice versa, because  they  sometimes cannot express their desire or need in words. (3) … Therefore parents won’t know that they may have problems. But when they are talking face to face, they cannot hide what they feel because their face, especially eyes will tell the truth. (4) …

Second, the first educators for children are parents, even they must educate them when they are still in the womb. The first fifteen years are the crucial time for developing their children’s characters. (5) … Unfortunately, many parents feel comfortable when their children are busy with their gadget as they don’t disturb their business. They don’t even pay attention to what their children access. Look at the consequences of their ignorance recently. Based on the report of the Commission for  Indonesian children protection (KPAI) from 2011 to 2016, there are 1,024 cases of bullying that involve children both physically and verbally in social media; they either are the victims or bullies. And the most cases happen in big cities. Some psychologists told that bullying done by children is the effect of their desire toward actualizing themselves. (6) … It goes worse when they often become the target of their parents’ anger.  Another consequence is that many children or teenagers get involved in drugs. According to the national narcotics body (BNN), two in one hundred teenagers are addictive to drugs. In 2016, 42,429 of them are being rehabilitated. (7) …

In conclusion, parents are the main educators for their children, so direct communication between them and their children is a must. (8) …  Indonesia is fighting the drugs and children abuse nowadays; and the president asks all parents to tight the family bond for the sake of their children’s future.  (by Hedwig Maria)



Find the word in the text which has the definition below!

  1. Thoughtlessly causing hurt or inconvenience to others
  2. in a state of unhappiness or despondency
  3. A strong feeling of wanting to have something or wishing for something to happen.
  4. (of a substance or activity) causing or likely to cause someone to become dependent on it
  5. Make a reality of.
  6. Seek to harm, intimidate, or coerce (someone perceived as vulnerable)
  7. Hide or disguise the presence of (a person, animal, or object) by means of Actions or devices intended to mislead
  8. In a particular place.
  9. A result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
  10. Use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse
  11. Have or include (something) as a necessary or integral part or result.
  12. a link that binds people together in a relationship
  13. Successful in producing a desired or intended result.
  14. Restore (someone) to health or normal life by training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness.
  15. to be or become involved in communication, social activity, or work with somebody else or one another



Read the text well, then make some questions based on the text!

The fact that the government banned some features (pictures and videos) on some social media at the end of May 2019 depicts the low level of people’s digital literacy. If they had been literate, the ban wouldn’t have been the final choice. The ban was aimed to avoid the spread of hoaxes about the chaos happening in Jakarta due to the official announcement of the result of the presidential election for people haven’t been able to decide between the fact or true information and hoaxes or fake information. The strong belief to the wrong information can lead to the disintegration of the nation. Sadly, young people whom this country counts on are easily influenced by such fake information. This is due to the fact that their custom of reading and analyzing article is so low that they just believe in whatever is written. This will endanger the existence of our country as they are going to be the decision makers of how this country goes. Therefore, it’s urgent to increase the students’ literacy.

Memorizing still becomes teachers’ preference for students to do to avoid the difficulty in answering the students’ various questions. The result of this is not only killing the students’ creativity but also stopping their critical thinking process. Based on PISA assessment, our students’ improvement on reading competence climbs very slowly. Their point which was 386 in 2012 only became 397 in 2015.  With the extremely poor literacy, students who are bombed by the fake information will be easily targeted to become terrorist. They just believe whatever is written or shown is true. Even the ambitious politicians can use them to achieve what they want. The following illustration shows how destructive people with low literacy is. Students at an elementary school are given the false fact about other religions and races made by their teacher. The teacher repeats and makes the fact memorized by the students without even getting the chance to ask why or what it is. This fact, then, is internalized into their mind as the truth, so when they watch about the terrorist attack, for example, they feel happy. Seeing this impact, we can clearly predict what they will do when they are grown up. In contrast, the students who are given true information about their surrounding and guided how to find the correct information, analyze and evaluate it will be able to protect themselves from the fake information. Hence, they will be more aware of what is wrong and what is true and can focus on developing themselves. When young people have their own principle of life and are not fragile on the environment force, they will become more independent and self-confident to grow up.

Either the willingness to read or the habit of reading books can’t appear instantly. It needs both a step –by-step process and parents’ and teacher’s high literacy. In fact, at school the high literacy of teachers is demanded in 2013 curriculum by which students are expected to have not only capability of learning by themselves but also high order thinking skills. Unfortunately, there are still many teachers who like chatting either on their smart phone or with their colleagues better than reading books when they are not in class. Our country will be able to develop as fast as the developed countries do when all teachers are aware of their important role in motivating and guiding students to be more literate.  However, some international awards for science research won by few students become some drops of rain in the middle of a desert. This proves that our young people truly have high competence in literacy. If there are more and more students getting interested in reading activity in which their curiosity is built, there will be many innovations done by them and our natural resources can be employed for the sake of the nation’s welfare and environment’s protection such as the research on bioplastic from cassava as the alternative of plastic bags.

No matter how difficult to get the students accustomed to read or write is, many creative efforts must be found to achieve the students’ high literacy considering our nation’s existence in the globalization era.


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